Generations and Gender Survey 2020 Moldova Wave 1

Alternate Title

Programul Generații și Gen în Republica Moldova


The Generations and Gender Survey (GGS) data provides micro-level data that can be used to investigate partnership dynamics, transition to adulthood, fertility, care and support networks, division of household tasks, and contraception, among other topics. These data are an essential resource in the understanding of fundamental societal challenges across Europe and beyond and form a substantial basis for the formulation of evidence-based policies. Key features of the survey are:

  • Cross-national comparability: The comparative focus allows analyses of the ways in which policies, culture and economic circumstances influence dependencies between men and women and between the young and the old.
  • A longitudinal design: The GGP survey applies a panel design - collecting information on the same persons at three-year intervals - to allow the examination of causes and consequences of inequalities between genders and generations.
  • A large sample size: The GGP survey has an average of 10,000 respondents per country, making it possible to study numerical minorities and uncommon events.
  • A broad age range: The GGP collects data on the whole life course by interviewing respondents aged 18-79. It also enables analysis of multiple generations by asking extensive questions about intergenerational exchange and support.
  • The combination of micro and macro data: Alongside the micro data collected via surveys, the GGP has a contextual database with over 100 indicators which cover not only the year of the survey but also retrospective indicators covering the past 40 years to be used alongside the retrospective data in the surveys. A theory-driven and multidisciplinary questionnaire: The GGS questionnaire is developed and maintained by a team of leading social scientists from demography, sociology and economics. The questionnaire seeks to bring together a wide range of subjects that examine the causes and consequences of family change.
GGP ID Number

Related Materials

Website of GGP Moldova


Related Materials

Moldova Case Study: GGS Data collection during the COVID-19 pandemic


Related Materials

Moldova National Questionnaire in Romanian


Related Materials

Moldova National Questionnaire in Russian


Related Materials

Moldova Natioanl Questionnaire in Russian - WEB



Network delineation and support
Transition to adulthood
Intergenerational exchange
Work-family balance
Gender relations
Informal and formal care
Network delineation and support
Well being and health
Economic activity
Attitudes and Values
Geographical Coverage Description

The data collection covered the whole territorial area of the Republic of Moldova, excluding Transnistria. Respondents are identified as living in urban or rural areas based on Eurostat definitions.

Highest Level
Lowest Level
Location of respondents is provided at the level of Rayon.
Republic of Moldova (MDA)


Authorization Sources


Kinds of Data
Survey data
Analysis Unit

Data Collection

Generations and Gender Survey 2020 Moldova Wave 1 en-GB
Collection Organization
Data Collection Date
Mode of Data Collection

Face to Face Personal Interviews

Mode of Data Collection

CAPI; 24 interviews were in CAWI, after the start of the COVID-19 pandemic.

Actions to Minimize Losses

Respondents were contacted up to 8 times and household members were contacted in order to arrange alternative ties for contact attempts. 5% of the sample was recontacted to verify that the interview actually took place. Individual interviewers performance was evaluated by NIDI and feedback on performance was provided on a weekly basis.

  1. Dealing with non-response 1.1. Screening: Yes, sampled households were identified and household members who were eligible for interview (i.e. regularly resident at the address and aged 15-79) were included in a household roster from which the individual with the next birthday was then selected. 1.2. Refusal conversion: Interviews were given materials to provide to potential respondents. 1.3. Incentives: Respondents were provided with approximnately 50 MDL incentive and this was increased to 100 MDL for individuals in hard to reach populations

  2. Tracking of sampled units 2.1. Respondent contact information: Yes 2.2. Other contact information: Yes, contact information on a proxy was also collected 2.3. Cards: No 2.4. Additional surveys: No 2.5. Administrative records: No

Collection Situation
  1. Questionnaire localization 1.1. Validation : There were no significant issues in translating the questionnaire to Moldovan/Romanian or Russian 1.2. Pre-test : Testing of the survey was done through cognitive interviews and normal survey rules with around 20 respondents. These are not included as part of the data. 1.3. Pilot : No 1.4. Deviations from the baseline questionnaire : Not applicable 1.5. Interview lenght : Interviews had a median length of 46 minutes 1.6. Breaks-off : 94

  2. Interviewers 2.1. Total interviewers: A total of 201 interviewers underwent the training process 2.2. Total interviewers in the field: 114 operators passed the training and worked in the field 2.3. Network Organization: The research area was divided in 4 regions: North, Center, South and Chisinau. Each region had a Manager responsible for data collection. Each manager worked with 20-30 interviewers. A total of 10 interviewers were assigned for field checks. 2.4. Working arrangement of Interviewers: All interviewers have been hired on a fixed-term contract basis. Two options were also available: full-time and part-time contracts. Work schedule for full-time interviewers: 8 working hours per day between 12:00 and 20:00, 5 days a week, including one weekend. 2.5. Payment of interviewers: The interviewers’ payment was calculated based on the working hours performed during a month. A minimum number of questionnaires per month was established. Interviewers with an increased efficiency and a higher number of questionnaires received bonuses.

  3. Interviewer training 3.1. General Interviewer training: Two face-to-face trainings were organized, with 50 interviewers per each training. 10 trainings were organized online in the summer, after restarting data collection. 3.2. Survey Specific training: During the trainings, special lessons were held by health experts during which the medical terms and the topic of sexual relations were explained. Also, since the collection took place during the coronavirus pandemic, interviewers were instructed how to protect themselves against coronavirus, how to use protective materials and how to maintain a social distance during the interview and field work. 3.3. Length of training: Before the pandemic, face-to-face trainings had a duration of two days. During the pandemic, 10 online training sessions were organized in small groups with a duration of three days. 3.4. Control of Performance (i.e. testing): The quality and fieldwork performance control took place through the following types of verifications: Telephone checks; Field checks; Verifications based on data collected by ODK system; Verifications by NIDI based on data indicators for each operator. 3.5. Interviewer Survey: N/A

  4. Contact protocols 4.1 Advance Letter Information: letters were prepared for all selected households. The text of the letter contained information about the importance of the study and participation with the signature of the Minister of Health. A day before starting to work on a route, the interviewer delivered a letter to each household. In the areas with a larger number of households, posters were also placed in central places. 4.2 Cold Contacts: No phone contacts of respondents available after the listing. 4.3 Scheduling/Scatter: The interviewers were instructed to offer a possibility to schedule the interview at the request of the respondent. A total of 1547 households used this option. Of these, 781 completed the interview after scheduling. 4.4 Contact History: The interviewers worked in stages with a limited number of households per route. After visiting all of the households on a route, and closing all, the operator was assigned another route. The interviewers were also instructed to visit households on different days and at different times of the day in order to have the chance to find respondents at home. 4.5 Min number of contacts: A minimum of 3 contacts was established for North, Center and South regions. And a minimum of 4 contacts for Chisinau.
    4.6 Max number of contacts: 147 HH – 8 visits 172 HH – 7 visits 345 HH – 6 visits 734 HH – 5 visits 2173 HH – 4 visits

  5. Noteworthy characteristics of the data collection situation: Relatively high non-response was observed amongst young men in urban areas. This is a commonly observed problem in fieldwork, especially in post-soviet countries in Eastern Europe. To mitigate this, extensive efforts were made including more intensive and varied contact attempts and additional incentives.

  6. Context Data collection was interupted on 16th March due to the COVID-19 Pandemic and reconvened on 4th July. A small number of `COVID related questions were subsequently added to the end of the interview regarding the impact of COVID. The responses to these questions are included in the data release. When fieldwork recommenced, interviews were conducted under social distancing restrictions. This increased the number of interviews conducted with others present. Additionally 24 interviews were conducted in web mode.



Time Method


Sampling Procedure
  1. Sampling frame
  • Type of Frame: Area frame – list of geographical statistical units
  • Frame Coverage: Total population of the Republic of Moldova living in residential buildings. The people living in institutional buildings were excluded from the sample frame.
  • Frame Size: 5405 Primary Sampling Units (PSU), from which 2320 are in rural and 3085 in urban areas. The average size of a rural area PSU ranges from 200 to 400 households and for an urban area PSU - 100 to 200 households.
  • Level of units available: information not provided
  1. Sampling Method
  • Sampling Method Type: Multistage. The sample was drawn using a three-stage sample design.
  • Sampling Stage Definitions At the first stage, the primary sampling units (PSUs) were stratified according to geographical criteria (Nord, Center, South and the Municipality of Chisinau) combined with the residence area (rural/urban). The PSUs were obtained through the aggregation of the Census Enumeration Areas (EAs). The Probability Proportional to Size (PPS) sampling method was used to draw the sample, using the number of population as measure of size (MOS). The second stage units (SSUs) are the dwellings. In order to prepare the list of dwellings (sample frame for the second stage) in selected PSUs, a listing procedure were conducted. The dwellings were drawn using Simple Random Sampling (SRS) method. At the third stage, the tertiary sampling units (TSUs) were chosen from each dwelling using the next birthday method. The TSUs are persons.
  • Sampling Stage Sizes PSUs: 202 statistical units (aggregation of EAs). SSUs: 19948 dwellings. TSUs: 19948 persons (theoretical size).
  • Unit Selection: the Method used was Probability Proportional to Size.
  • Final Stage Unit Selection: Simple Random Sampling.
  • Within Household Unit Selection: Next Birthday Method.
  • Stratification: Geographical regions intersected with residence area. 8 strata resulted : North rural, North urban, Center rural, Center urban, South rural, South urban, mun. Chisinau rural and mun. Chisinau urban.
  • Sample Size: 19948 dwellings, from which 11438 in rural area and 8510 in urban area.
  • Estimated Non-Response: 55%.

Data Processing


Appears Within


GGP ID Number


View Full History
Revision Date Responsibility Rationale
48 3/20/2023 2:46:32 PM
47 3/20/2023 2:26:01 PM
46 2/8/2023 2:31:43 PM
45 2/8/2023 2:23:53 PM
44 2/8/2023 2:17:15 PM
43 2/8/2023 2:01:04 PM
42 2/2/2023 4:02:57 PM
41 2/1/2023 3:23:17 PM
40 10/27/2022 2:21:30 AM

© Generations and Gender Programme - 2023
Powered by Colectica.