Generations and Gender Survey France Wave 1, Wave 2 & Wave 3

Study

Title

Generations and Gender Survey France Wave 1, Wave 2 & Wave 3

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Alternate Title

GGS France Wave 1, Wave 2 & Wave 3

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Source

INED (Institut national d'études démographiques)

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Abstract

The Generations and Gender Survey (GGS) provides micro-level data with the aim of significantly improving the knowledge base for social science and policymaking in Europe and developed countries elsewhere. In Europe 2020, the European Union develops a strategy "to help us come out stronger from the crisis and turn the EU into a smart, sustainable and inclusive economy delivering high levels of employment, productivity and social cohesion". The economic crisis affects not only day-to-day decisions, but also fundamental choices at all stages of people's lives: marriage and childbearing, the combination of employment and caring responsibilities for the young and the old, retirement, housing, and ageing well. The GGS has been developed to provide scientists with high-quality data to contribute scientifically grounded answers to these key policy questions. Survey content focuses on intergenerational and gender relations between people, expressed in care arrangements and the organization of paid and unpaid work. Key feature of the survey are:

  • Cross-national comparability. In each country data is collected on the basis of a common international questionnaire and guidelines about the methodology. Data processing includes central harmonization of national datasets.
  • A broad age range. It includes respondents between the ages of 18 and 80.
  • A longitudinal design. It has a panel design, collecting information on the same persons at three-year intervals.
  • A large sample size. It has an average of 9,000 respondents per country at Wave 1.
  • A theory-driven and multidisciplinary questionnaire. It provides data for policy relevant research by demographers, economists, sociologists, social policy researchers, social psychologists and epidemiologists. The questionnaire is inspired by the theory of planned behavior.
  • Possibility to combine the survey data with macro data provided by the GGP Contextual Database. This combination enables analyses of individuals and families in their cultural, economic, political, social and policy contexts.
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Completeness
The GGS questionnaire was adapted to fit with the French sociodemographic and legal context and because of time and budget constraints: some questions were added, dropped or modified. The added questions, French specific are not stored in the GGS harmonized data file.
StudyNumber
GGS.W1.W2.W3.15

PDF Documentation

Generations and Gender Survey France Wave 1, Wave 2 & Wave 3 - Documentation

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Related Materials

Website of Étude des relations familiales et intergénérationnelles (ERFI)

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Related Materials

Wave 1 French questionnaire (in French)

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Related Materials

Wave 1 French questionnaire - Show Cards (in French)

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Related Materials

Wave 2 French questionnaire (in French)

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Related Materials

Wave 2 French questionnaire - Show Cards (in French)

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Related Materials

Wave 3 French questionnaire (in French)

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Related Materials

Wave 3 French questionnaire - Show Cards (in French)

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Related References

French country presentations at the GGP International Working Group Meetings

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Related References

Modifications to the Generations and Gender Surveys questionnaire in France (wave 1)

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Related References

Presentation and Modifications to the GGS Questionnaire in France (Wave 2)

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Related References

Présentation, questionnaire et documentation de la troisième vague de l’Étude des relations familiales et intergénérationnelles (Erfi-GGS 2011)

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Related References

Inconsistencies in the Number of Children Reported in Successive Waves of the French Generations and Gender Survey

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Coverage

Keywords
Fertility, Partnership, Transition to adulthood, Work-family balance, Gender relations, Intergenerational exchanges, Informal and formal care, Well-being and health, Grandparenthood, Economic activity, Retirement
Geographical Coverage Description

Whole metropolitan territory of France

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Country
FRANCE

Funding

Data

Kinds of Data
Survey data
Analysis Unit
Individuals

Data Collection

Data Collection Date
-
Mode of Data Collection

Method: Face-to-Face (personal interview) Technique: Computer-Assisted (CAPI)

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Actions to Minimize Losses

WAVE 1 ACTIONS

  1. Dealing with nonresponse 1.1 Screening: No 1.2 Refusal conversion: Usual techniques of refusal conversion i.e. specify that personal information will stay confidential and not divulged to a third party, insisting on the research purpose of the survey and on its international dimension. 1.3 Incentives: No

  2. Tracking of sampled units 2.1 Respondent contact information: Respondent's address and telephone number (home, mobile, work) were collected. 2.2 Other contact information: The interviewers were instructed to ask for the addresses of two persons in the respondent's circle of acquaintances (close family, friends) to remain able of resuming contact with the respondent via one of these persons in case of a move. 2.3 Cards: Various strategies were organized to keep in touch with a maximum number of persons. A thank you letter was sent to all the respondents, which varied in content according to 3 scenarios:

    • if the respondent had refused the follow-up, he was thanked simply;
    • if he/she had accepted the follow-up and given the address of at least one contact person, he was thanked by enclosing a "change of address card" as well as an e-mail and a phone number so that he can inform INED of any moves;
    • if he/she had accepted the follow-up but if we had no contact person, he was thanked the same way as in the previous case and we added to the letter a " contact person card" and a prepaid envelope. Four other mails were sent to every respondent between Wave1 and Wave 2 (three mails with first results of the survey and a greetings card) .The aim of these regular mailshots is to keep in touch but also to update the address file (death, change of address...). 2.4 Additional surveys: None. 2.5 Administrative records: No.

WAVE 2 ACTIONS

  1. Dealing with nonresponse 1.1 Screening: No 1.2 Refusal conversion: As for Wave 1. 1.3 Incentives: No

  2. Tracking of sampled units 2.1 Respondent contact information: Update of respondent's address and telephone number. 2.2 Other contact information: Record of respondent's circle of acquaintances addresses. In case no address was available, the 2005 addresses were reused. 2.3 Cards: The respondents who agreed to participate to Wave 1 were contacted by mail five times between the two waves, i.e., approximately every six months (see above documentation about wave 1). The respondents who had agreed to participate to Wave 1 were contacted by mail five times between the two waves, i.e., approximately every six months (see above documentation about wave 1). The same basic follow-up procedure was used with the respondents between Wave 2 and Wave 3 (two letters each year: initial results and a New Year greetings card, etc.). 2.4 Additional surveys: None. 2.5 Administrative records: No.

WAVE 3 ACTIONS

  1. Dealing with nonresponse 1.1 Screening: No 1.2 Refusal conversion: As for Wave 1. 1.3 Incentives: No

  2. Tracking of sampled units 2.1 Respondent contact information: No 2.2 Other contact information: No 2.3 Cards: The respondents were sent a thank you letter at the end of the data collection. 2.4 Additional surveys: None. 2.5 Administrative records: No.

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Collection Situation

WAVE 1 DATA COLLECTION

  1. Interviewers 1.1 Total number of interviewers: 552 interviewers of INSEE (data collector) 1.2 Number of interviewers in the field: Each interviewer had a fixed number of interviews to carry out. Some of them can finish the work earlier than others. 1.3 Network organization: At least two field coordinators in each of the 22 regional agencies of INSEE (data collector). 1.4 Working arrangement of interviewers: Fully employed survey administrators from INSEE. 1.5 Payment of interviewers: Paid per interview (completed interview: one hour paid, refusal: fixed compensation) + compensation for one day of training + travel expenses.

  2. Interviewer training: 2.1 General interviewing: Interviewers were already trained in general interviewing techniques: CAPI, interviewing techniques, appointments taking and general knowledge on surveys carried out by INSEE. 2.2 Survey specific: In august 2005, professional regional trainers of INSEE were trained centrally at INED in GGS specific issues and then trained the 560 interviewers in each of the 22 French regions. 2.3 Length: General training: 6 days. Survey specific: 1 day. 2.4 Control of performance: The new interviewers were accompanied by the regional survey manager for their first interviews. Some of the experienced ones were accompanied too as part as their annual performance review. 2.5 Interviewer survey: None.

  3. Contact protocols 3.1 Advance letter: Each household selected in the sample received an advanced letter with a leaflet introducing the survey and announcing the coming of an interviewer, the reason of his/her visit, the survey subject, the agencies involved in the survey, the future use of the data, etc. The household was also invited to visit the survey website (www-erfi.ined.fr) to find more information about the survey and the project. 3.2 Cold contacts: Face-to-Face 3.3 Scheduling / scattering: Yes. To get the highest response rate, contacts attempts were scattered over different days of the week and different parts of the day. 3.4 Contact history: Yes. For each contact attempt, the interviewer had to report the date, the time and the outcome in a grid. 3.5 Min number of contacts: 7. 3.6 Max number of contacts: 14.

  4. Questionnaire localization 4.1 Validation: In March 2004, a test of the first version of the questionnaire was carried out by interviewing 111 persons (face to face paper) to improve the translation and evaluate the length of the interviewing. 4.2 Pre-test: Two pre-tests carried out using CAPI version of the questionnaire in November 2004 (134 respondents) and April 2005 (180 respondents). 4.3 Length of interview: Respondents were globally very cooperative. The average duration of interview was about 65 minutes, with a large variance according to the composition of the household and the complexity of the family structure and history of the respondent. A quarter of the interviews took place in the presence of another person. Some difficulties were encountered by respondents to answer fecundity questions. Two questions (religion appartenance and civil partnership) were considered as "sensitive" according to the French law and needed a signed authorization from the respondent. 6% of the respondents refused that their answers to both "sensitive" questions were recorded.

WAVE 2 DATA COLLECTION

  1. Interviewers 1.1 Total number of interviewers: 454 interviewers of INSEE (data collector), mainly those who took part in the previous wave. 1.2 Number of interviewers in the field: Each interviewer had a fixed number of interviews to carry out. Some of them could finish the work earlier than others. 1.3 Network organization: At least two field coordinators in each of the 22 regional agencies of INSEE (data collector). 1.4 Working arrangement of interviewers: Fully employed survey administrators from INSEE. 1.5 Payment of interviewers: Paid per interview (completed interview: one hour paid, refusal: fixed compensation) + compensation for one day of training + travel expenses.

  2. Interviewer training: 2.1 General interviewing: Interviewers were already trained in general interviewing techniques: CAPI, interviewing techniques, appointments taking and general knowledge on surveys carried out by INSEE. 2.2 Survey specific: In September 2008, professional regional trainers of INSEE were trained centrally at INED in GGS specific issues and then trained the 454 interviewers in each of the 22 French regions. 2.3 Length: General training: 6 days. Survey specific: 1 day. 2.4 Control of performance: The new interviewers were accompanied by the regional survey manager for their first interviews. Some of the experienced ones were accompanied too as part of their annual performance review. 2.5 Interviewer survey: None

  3. Contact protocols 3.1 Advance letter: Each household which agreed to participate to Wave 2 received an advanced letter recalling the survey subject and announcing the coming of an interviewer, the reason of his/her visit, the agencies involved in the survey, etc. The household was also sent a brochure concerning the survey and the invitation to visit its website. 3.2 Cold contacts: Face-to-Face 3.3 Scheduling / scattering: If 2005 respondents were no longer present in the household, the interviewer made an appointment to meet them, and if they had moved to another zone, another interviewer was given the new address. When 2005 respondents had gone to live outside the regions covered by the survey (but within metropolitan France), the interviewers went beyond their usually allotted zone to meet them. 3.4 Contact history: Yes. For each contact attempt, the interviewer had to report the date, the time and the outcome in a grid. 3.5 Min number of contacts: Dk 3.6 Max number of contacts: DK

  4. Questionnaire localization 4.1 Validation: No. 4.2 Pre-test: Two pre-test were carried out. The first was limited on the new module on occupational history introduced with Wave 2. It was carried out in november 2006 using Paper and Pencil on 20 persons of all ages. This test showed recall problems for older persons and persons with numerous occupational changes. There were also problems of data overlap which were then overcome thanks to CAPI automation. The second test was carried on the entire questionnaire from March 24 to April 25, 2008, in two different parts of France (Aquitaine and Limousin) on 180 persons. The test could not be run on people who had participated 3 years previously. In order to check “the retrieval chain of data collected in 2005” (i.e., the filter questions in Wave 2 aimed at saving time) the test questionnaire was preceded by a short module focusing on the respondents’ situation 3 years previously. 4.3 Length of interview: The average duration of interview was about 55 minutes, with a large variance depending on the complexity of the respondents’ occupational history and hence their age. A third party was present in 25% of the 2005 interviews, whereas this percentage dropped to 18% in the 2008 interviews. The interviews went very well on the whole. This is confirmed by the fact that 97% of respondents agreed to participate to Wave 3. The main problems concerned the occupational history grid, which turned to be not so easy to complete especially for older respondents. As to the items considered “sensitive” by the Quality Label Committee of the French National Council for Statistical Information (CNIS) at Wave 1, the question about religion membership was no longer asked; the other one on civil partnership was not regarded as sensitive anymore.

WAVE 3 DATA COLLECTION

  1. Interviewers 1.1 Total number of interviewers: 422 interviewers of INSEE (data collector), mainly those who took part in the previous waves 1.2 Number of interviewers in the field: Each interviewer had a fixed number of interviews to carry out. Some of them could finish the work earlier than others. 1.3 Network organization: At least two field coordinators in each of the 22 regional agencies of INSEE (data collector). 1.4 Working arrangement of interviewers: Fully employed survey administrators from INSEE. 1.5 Payment of interviewers: Paid per interview (completed interview: one hour paid, refusal: fixed compensation) + compensation for one day of training + travel expenses.

  2. Interviewer training: 2.1 General interviewing: Interviewers were already trained in general interviewing techniques: CAPI, interviewing techniques, appointments taking and general knowledge on surveys carried out by INSEE. 2.2 Survey specific: In September 2011, professional regional trainers of INSEE were trained centrally at INED in GGS specific issues (2nd, 6th and 7th of september) and then trained the 422 interviewers in each of the 22 French regions. 2.3 Length: General training: 6 days. Survey specific: 1 day. 2.4 Control of performance: The new interviewers were accompanied by the regional survey manager for their first interviews. Some of the experienced ones were accompanied too as part of their annual performance review. 2.5 Interviewer survey: None

  3. Contact protocols 3.1 Advance letter: Each household which took part in Wave 2 and agreed to participate to Wave 3 received an advanced letter recalling the survey subject and announcing the coming of an interviewer, the reason of his/her visit, the agencies involved in the survey, etc. Each household who took part in Wave 1, agreed to be re-contacted in Wave 2 but they did not take part were sent a letter announcing the thrid Wave and given the possibility to refuse to take part in Wave 3. Each household was also sent a brochure concerning the survey and the invitation to visit its website. 3.2 Cold contacts: Face-to-Face 3.3 Scheduling / scattering: If 2005/2008 respondents were no longer present in the household, the interviewer made an appointment to meet them, and if they had moved to another zone, another interviewer was given the new address. When 2005/2008 respondents had gone to live outside the regions covered by the survey (but within metropolitan France), the interviewers went beyond their usually allotted zone to meet them. 3.4 Contact history: Yes. For each contact attempt, the interviewer had to report the date, the time and the outcome in a grid. 3.5 Min number of contacts: Dk 3.6 Max number of contacts: DK

  4. Questionnaire localization 4.1 Validation: No. 4.2 Pre-test: One pre-test was carried out on the entire questionnaire from April 7, 2011 to May 13, in two different parts of France (Rouen and Reims) on 195 persons. The test could not be run on people who had participated 3 years previously. In order to check “the retrieval chain of data collected in 2008 (or 2005 for people who did not take part in Wave 2)” (i.e., the filter questions in previous wave aimed at saving time) the test questionnaire was preceded by a short module focusing on the respondents’ situation 3 years (or 6 years for persons who did not take part in the second Wave) before. 4.3 Length of interview: The average duration of interview was about 51 minutes, with a large variance depending on the complexity of the respondents’ occupational history and hence their age. A third party was present in 17% of the 2011 interviews. The interviews went very well on the whole. As for the previous waves, the "values and attitudes" part is not always easy to answer (some respondents find it difficult to position themselves "it depends..."); the "fertility intentions" part is poorly adapted to older people who no longer want children; the new part describing all grandchildren is sometimes difficult and time-consuming to complete for older people. Finally, as in wave 2, we suspect that there are a few "false" panel respondents.

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Methodology

Time Method

Panel

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Sampling Procedure

WAVE 1 SAMPLING PROCEDURE

  1. Sampling frame 1.1 Type of frame: Dwelling lists: master sample of 1999 National Census data + sampling frame of dwellings constructed after march 1999. 1.2 Frame coverage: Whole population of metropolitan territory of France. 1.3 Frame size: Master sample of 1999 census: 2,022,889 dwellings (7% of all 1999 dwellings) from 349 primary units (of 3435 in census data). 1.4 Level of units available: dwellings.

  2. Sampling method 2.1 Sampling method type: A first random sample of 16009 households addresses from 1999 census master sample (14752) and sampling frame of dwellings constructed after March 1999 (1257). To complete this first sample: two random samples of 1000 households adresses from 1999 census master sample (2838) and sampling frame of dwellings constructed after March 1999 (2162). So a total of 18009 dwelling adresses. 2.2 Sampling stage definition

  • PSU: Cities if more than 20,000 habitants, local groups of towns if less than 20,000 habitants.
  • SSU: Dwellings addresses.
  • TSU: NA. 2.3 Sampling stage size
  • PSU: 349
  • SSU: 18009
  • TSU: NA. 2.4 Unit selection: All primary units of the master sample were selected. 2.5 Final stage unit selection: Dwellings were selected using simple random sampling. 2.6 Within household unit selection: First-name method. Among those eligible in the household (age 18-79 years on December 31st, 2005), the person whose first name begins with the letter the closest to the beginning of the alphabet was selected. 2.7 Stratification: Explicit: Two stages stratification. First stage was done by dwelling categories with overrepresentation of main residences (5 categories: main residences at 1999 census, secondary residences at 1999 census, occasional residences at 1999 census, vacant residences at 1999 census and dwellings built after 1999 census). The second stage was by age with overrepresentation of households whom referent person at 1999 census was in the scope of the survey (younger than 79 years old in 2005). The second stage was not done for new dwellings as the data on the age of these household's occupiers were not available. 2.8 Sample size:
  • Starting size sample: 18009
  • Aimed total size at Wave 1: 10000
  • Aimed total size at Wave 3: none 2.9 Estimated Non-response
  • Yearly attrition: None: the yearly attrition was not estimated.
  • Non response measures: Oversampling : to reach the objective of 10000 respondents, the sample size was 18009.
  • Within household non-responses measures: None - the household was marked as nonresponse.

WAVE 2 SAMPLING PROCEDURE Sampling: panel (wave 1 database of addresses). All the Wave 1 persons who had agreed to be recontacted for a second interview (i.e., 8,341 respondents which is equal to 88% of Wave 1 respondents). Frame coverage: Whole population of metropolitan territory of France in "regular" housing (excluding institutions such as retirement homes, prison, etc.)

WAVE 3 SAMPLING PROCEDURE Sampling: panel (wave 2 database of addresses). All the Wave 2 persons who had agreed to be recontacted for a second interview (i.e., 6,248 respondents which is equal to 97% of Wave 2 respondents) + Wave 1 persons who did not take part in Wave 2 for whom we had not refusal to be recontacted in Wave 3 (1,274). Frame coverage: Whole population of metropolitan territory of France in "regular" housing (excluding institutions such as retirement homes, prison, etc.)

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Data Processing

Processing Events

Extra

Archive Information

Appears Within

Information

StudyNumber
GGS.W1.W2.W3.15

History

View Full History
Revision Date Responsibility Rationale
3 11/15/2022 4:20:21 PM meredith.winn@ined.fr
2 11/8/2022 3:58:57 PM meredith.winn@ined.fr
1 5/24/2022 1:38:05 PM meredith.winn@ined.fr

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