Generations and Gender Survey 2020 Kazakhstan Wave 1



Generations and Gender Survey 2020 Kazakhstan Wave 1

Alternate Title

GGS 2020 Kazakhstan Wave 1


Committee on Statistics, Kazakhstan


The Generations and Gender Survey (GGS) data provides micro-level data that can be used to investigate partnership dynamics, transition to adulthood, fertility, care and support networks, division of household tasks, and contraception, among other topics. These data are an essential resource in the understanding of fundamental societal challenges across Europe and beyond and form a substantial basis for the formulation of evidence-based policies. Key features of the survey are:

  • Cross-national comparability: The comparative focus allows analyses of the ways in which policies, culture and economic circumstances influence dependencies between men and women and between the young and the old.
  • A longitudinal design: The GGP survey applies a panel design - collecting information on the same persons at three-year intervals - to allow the examination of causes and consequences of inequalities between genders and generations.
  • A large sample size: The GGP survey has an average of 10,000 respondents per country, making it possible to study numerical minorities and uncommon events.
  • A broad age range: The GGP collects data on the whole life course by interviewing respondents aged 18-79. It also enables analysis of multiple generations by asking extensive questions about intergenerational exchange and support.
  • The combination of micro and macro data: Alongside the micro data collected via surveys, the GGP has a contextual database with over 100 indicators which cover not only the year of the survey but also retrospective indicators covering the past 40 years to be used alongside the retrospective data in the surveys. A theory-driven and multidisciplinary questionnaire: The GGS questionnaire is developed and maintained by a team of leading social scientists from demography, sociology and economics. The questionnaire seeks to bring together a wide range of subjects that examine the causes and consequences of family change.
Items that could identify respondents or associates were removed, including personal contact information and all references to names and specific job titles.

Related References

National survey under the Generations and Gender Program in Kazakhstan. Executive Summary. UNFPA 2019



Fertility, Partnership, Transition to adulthood, Work-family balance, Gender relations, Intergenerational exchange, Informal and formal care, Network delineation and support, Well being and health, Grandparenthood, Economic activity, Retirement, Attitudes and Values
Geographical Coverage Description

The territory of Kazakhstan.





Kinds of Data
Survey data
Analysis Unit

Data Collection

Collection Organization
Data Collection Date
Mode of Data Collection

Method: Face-to-Face (personal interview) Technique: Computer-assisted personal interviewing (CAPI)

Actions to Minimize Losses
  1. Dealing with nonresponse 1.1 Screening: Each household was contacted and asked about all resident household members. If there was nobody aged 18-79 in the household, the household was marked as ineligible and no survey was administered. If there was more than one individual aged 18-79 resident in the household then one was selected at random using the next birthday method, irrespective of their current availability. 1.2 Refusal conversion: Information was provided to respondents about the nature of the survey and how the data would be used to improve policy decision making. Contact information from the Committee of Statistics and UNFPA was provided to respondents. 1.3 Incentives: Respondents were provided with a small gift on behalf of the UNFPA which amounted to no more than $3 in value.

  2. Tracking of sampled units 2.1 Respondent contact information: Yes 2.2 Other contact information: Yes, contact details on a third party contact who was currently not residing with the respondent was requested in order to enable follow up at wave 2. 2.3 Cards: To be determined (TBD) 2.4 Additional surveys: TBD 2.5 Administrative records: TBD

Collection Situation

1.Interviewers 1.1. Total number of interviewers: 211 1.2. Total number of interviewers in the field: 150 1.1. Network Organization: Field Coordinators were organized at a regional level. Regions were then further broken down into sub-regions based on the geography and settlement types of the region. 1.2. Working arrangement of Interviewers: Full-time 1.3. Payment of interviewers: Interviewers were paid per interview

  1. Interviewer Training 2.1. General Interviewing: Interviewers were predominantly professional, full time interviewers with experience in fielding large scale surveys. They had training in interviewer conduct, respondent selection and contact management. 2.2. Survey Specific: Training was given on the specific questionnaire and the highly sensitive nature of several questions were addressed and how to handle these in the field. Interviewers were also given an overview of the content and aims of the survey and specifically the need for detailed and accurate life history data within the Generations and Gender Survey. 2.3. Length: 2 day training on the Generations and Gender Survey was provided to regional coordinators in Almaty, Kazakhstan and interviewers were then given two day training in regional offices where they were instructed on how to use devices, load in the survey and collect the data. 2.4. Control of Performance: Yes, the Central Coordination Team at NIDI provided control checks on demographic elements of the data quality and attempted to identify any interviewer misconduct as data was collected. These included checks on general data quality such as item non-response, straight linining and irregular skip patterns as well as thematically important issues such as the number of children reported and whether a spouse was present during the interview. 3% of interviews were called back to verify that the interview took place and that the information provided was correct. 2.5. Interviewer Survey: No Interviewer Survey was conducted.

  2. Contact Protocols 3.1. Advance Letter: No 3.2. Cold Contacts: Face to Face 3.3. Scheduling/Scatter: If contact was not possible on the first attempt then contact attempts were made on different days and at different times until a succesful interview was achieved. 3.4. Contact History: Yes, the form was collected through the Open Data Kit ( and included all contact information. 3.5. Min number of contacts: at least 3 times. 3.6. Max number of contacts: No.

  3. Questionnaire localization 4.1. Validation: The questionnaire was adapted into both Kazakh and Russian by the team at the Committee of Statistics, with the assistance of the UNFPA. These were back translated and verified agaisnt the GGS core questionnaire. 4.2. Pre-Test: Yes, pre-testing was conducted using a non-random sample of just over 50 individuals of various ages and backgrounds. 4.3. Length of Interview: 58.2 minutes



Time Method


Sampling Procedure
  1. Sampling frame 1.1. Sample Frame:The Kazakhstan Census of 2009 was used as the sampling frame. The frame was subdivided into 16 regions and then further delineated into urban and rural areas. 1.2. Frame Coverage: At least 95% 1.3. Frame Size: 12,073,224 individuals aged 18-79 1.4. Unit of Frame: Residential units

  2. Sampling method 2.1. Sampling Method: Probability sampling method. At every selection stage units of selection are made based on the probability proportional to the population size. 2.2. Sampling Stage Definitions: 840 primary Sampling Units (PSU). 2.3. Sampling Stage Sizes: Approximately 20 units per PSU. 2.4. Unit Selection Method: A random number generator was used at all stages of selection. 2.5. Final Stage Unit Selection: SRS (Simple Random Sampling) was applied. 2.6. Within Household Unit Selection: A respondent is selected by the principle of the «next birthday» method. 2.7. Stratification: Regional Stratification and Stratification by urban/rural. 2.8. Sample Size : The starting sample size was 16000 persons. The expected number of respondents in the Wave 1 of data collection was 12500. The expected number of respondents in the Wave 3 of data collection (estimated at the sampling stage) was 8000. 2.9. Estimated Non-Response:

  • Estimated non-response at Wave 1 (includes both non-contacts and refusals) - expressed in proportion of the starting sample: 0,2%
  • Estimated yearly attrition - expressed in proportion of the starting sample: 8%
  • Non-response measures, i.e., the measures that were foreseen to battle the inevitable non-response: None
  • Within household non-response measures: None

Data Processing

Processing Events


Archive Information




View Full History
Revision Date Responsibility Rationale
1 10/26/2022 11:56:20 PM

© Generations and Gender Programme - 2023
Powered by Colectica.