Generations and Gender Survey Norway Wave 1



Generations and Gender Survey Norway Wave 1

Alternate Title

GGS Norway Wave 1


Statistics Norway


The Generations and Gender Survey (GGS) provides micro-level data with the aim of significantly improving the knowledge base for social science and policymaking in Europe and developed countries elsewhere. In Europe 2020, the European Union develops a strategy "to help us come out stronger from the crisis and turn the EU into a smart, sustainable and inclusive economy delivering high levels of employment, productivity and social cohesion". The economic crisis affects not only day-to-day decisions, but also fundamental choices at all stages of people's lives: marriage and childbearing, the combination of employment and caring responsibilities for the young and the old, retirement, housing, and ageing well. The GGS has been developed to provide scientists with high-quality data to contribute scientifically grounded answers to these key policy questions. Survey content focuses on intergenerational and gender relations between people, expressed in care arrangements and the organization of paid and unpaid work. Key feature of the survey are:

  • Cross-national comparability. In each country data is collected on the basis of a common international questionnaire and guidelines about the methodology. Data processing includes central harmonization of national datasets.
  • A broad age range. It includes respondents between the ages of 18 and 80.
  • A longitudinal design. It has a panel design, collecting information on the same persons at three-year intervals.
  • A large sample size. It has an average of 9,000 respondents per country at Wave 1.
  • A theory-driven and multidisciplinary questionnaire. It provides data for policy relevant research by demographers, economists, sociologists, social policy researchers, social psychologists and epidemiologists. The questionnaire is inspired by the theory of planned behavior.
  • Possibility to combine the survey data with macro data provided by the GGP Contextual Database. This combination enables analyses of individuals and families in their cultural, economic, political, social and policy contexts.
The GGS core questionnaire was adapted to fit with the Norwegian context and because of time and budget constraints some questions were dropped of modified. Other questions - belonging to the second wave of the "Norwegian Life Course Ageing and Generation Study" - were added. The added questions are not part of the GGS harmonized data file.

PDF Documentation

Generations and Gender Survey Norway Wave 1 - Documentation


Related Materials



Related References

Norwegian country presentations at the GGP International Working Group Meetings



Transition to adulthood
Work-family balance
Gender relations
Intergenerational exchanges
Informal and formal care
Well-being and health
Economic activity
Geographical Coverage Description

Country representative.




Kinds of Data
Survey data
Analysis Unit

Data Collection

Collection Organization
Collection Organization
Data Collection Date
Mode of Data Collection

Method: Telephone interviews, self-administered postal interviews and use of register data. Technique: Web-assisted (CATI) for the telephone interview and Paper and Pencil (PAPI) for the self-administered postal.

Actions to Minimize Losses
  1. Dealing with nonresponse 1.1 Screening: No. 1.2 Refusal conversion: No special methods - usual techniques of refusal avoidance, i.e. specify that personal information will remain confidential, offer to call for changing the time of interview, insistence of the research purpose. 1.3 Incentives: Yes. Among those completing both the telephone interview and sending back the self-administered postal interview, 7 individuals were drawn to win a gift voucher amounting to 10,000 NOK (approximately 1,250 Euro).

  2. Tracking of sampled units 2.1 Respondent contact information: No. 2.2 Other contact information: No. 2.3 Cards: No. 2.4 Additional surveys: For a part of the panel sample the GGS is the second round. 7,861 individuals aged 40 years or older in 2002, participated already in 2002/03 in the "Norwegian Live Course Ageing and Generation Study", a quantitative survey, based on computer assisted telephone interviews on topics as ageing, health, work and retirement, familiy relations in the second half of the life and well-being. 2.5 Administrative records: Yes, whole sample is based on administrative records.

Collection Situation
  1. Interviewers 1.1 Total number of interviewers: 223. 1.2 Number of interviewers in the field: 1-223. 1.3 Network organization: Centralized. 1.4 Working arrangement of interviewers: Part-time. 1.5 Payment of interviewers: Per hour.

  2. Interviewer training: 2.1 General interviewing: Yes, general interview techniques, CATI and general knowledge on surveys carried out by Statistics Norway survey department. 2.2 Survey specific: Outline of the purpose of the study, the questionnaire, handling of sensitive questions and contact strategies. 2.3 Length: One day specific training for the interview. All recruited interviewers were experienced and trained interviewers of Statistics Norway survey department. 2.4 Control of performance: No. 2.5 Interviewer survey: No.

  3. Contact protocols 3.1 Advance letter: Yes, each individual selected in the sample received an advanced letter introducing the survey and announcing the telephone call of an interviewer and the reason for his/her call, the survey subject, the agencies involved in the survey, the size of the survey. The letter included also information about the use of additional register data to facilitate the data collection and to reduce the interview time. The selected individuals were also invited to take contact if he/she had questions respective to the survey (free telephone number or by e-mail) or data privacy (contact information of the data protection officer). The letter included also a leaflet with information about the survey and two scale cards that could be used during the interview. Some of the information in the letter was adapted to the age of the selected individuals and if they were part of an earlier survey or not. 3.2 Cold contacts: Telephone. 3.3 Scheduling / scattering: Yes. To get the highest response rate, contact attempts were scattered over different days of the week and different parts of the day. 3.4 Contact history: Yes. For each contact attempt the interviewer had to report the date, the time and the outcome grid. 3.5 Min number of contacts: No. 2.6 Max number of contacts: No.

  4. Questionnaire localization 4.1 Validation: No. 4.2 Pre-test: Two rounds with in-depth qualitative interviews (in total 19 interviews) using different parts of the questionnaire and different versions of the announcing letter were carried out in June and August 2006. A pilot of the telephone interview was carried out in December 2006 (150 respondents). 4.3 Length of interview: The average duration of interview was 43 minutes, with a large variance according to the composition of the household and the complexity of the family structure and history of the respondent.



Time Method


Sampling Procedure
  1. Sampling frame 1.1 Type of frame: Population register. 1.2 Frame coverage: Registered population of Norway. 1.3 Frame size: Total registered population of Norway on December 31st 2006. 1.4 Level of units available: Individuals.

  2. Sampling method 2.1 Sampling method type: Random probability sampling. 2.2 Sampling stage definition

    • PSU: Regions (nuts 2).
    • SSU: Centrality.
    • TSU: Sex
    • FSU: Age 2.3 Sampling stage size
    • PSU: 7
    • SSU: 2
    • TSU: 2
    • FSU: 3 2.4 Unit selection: Random number generator from 78 strata. 2.5 Final stage unit selection: Simple Random Sampling. 2.6 Within Household unit selection: None. 2.7 Stratification: NA 2.8 Sample size
    • Starting size sample: 25,309.
    • Aimed total size at Wave 1: 11,995.
    • Aimed total size at Wave 3: 6,747. 2.9 Estimated Non-response
    • Initial non-response: 35%.
    • Yearly attrition: 25%.
    • Non response measures: NA.
    • Within household non-responses measures: None.

Data Processing


Archive Information

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