Generations and Gender Survey Sweden Wave 1



Generations and Gender Survey Sweden Wave 1

Alternate Title

GGS Sweden Wave 1


Stockholm University Demography Unit


The Generations and Gender Survey (GGS) provides micro-level data with the aim of significantly improving the knowledge base for social science and policymaking in Europe and developed countries elsewhere. In Europe 2020, the European Union develops a strategy "to help us come out stronger from the crisis and turn the EU into a smart, sustainable and inclusive economy delivering high levels of employment, productivity and social cohesion". The economic crisis affects not only day-to-day decisions, but also fundamental choices at all stages of people's lives: marriage and childbearing, the combination of employment and caring responsibilities for the young and the old, retirement, housing, and ageing well. The GGS has been developed to provide scientists with high-quality data to contribute scientifically grounded answers to these key policy questions. Survey content focuses on intergenerational and gender relations between people, expressed in care arrangements and the organization of paid and unpaid work. Key feature of the survey are:

  • Cross-national comparability. In each country data is collected on the basis of a common international questionnaire and guidelines about the methodology. Data processing includes central harmonization of national datasets.
  • A broad age range. It includes respondents between the ages of 18 and 80.
  • A longitudinal design. It has a panel design, collecting information on the same persons at three-year intervals.
  • A large sample size. It has an average of 9,000 respondents per country at Wave 1.
  • A theory-driven and multidisciplinary questionnaire. It provides data for policy relevant research by demographers, economists, sociologists, social policy researchers, social psychologists and epidemiologists. The questionnaire is inspired by the theory of planned behavior.
  • Possibility to combine the survey data with macro data provided by the GGP Contextual Database. This combination enables analyses of individuals and families in their cultural, economic, political, social and policy contexts.
The GGS core questionnaire was slightly adapted to fit the Swedish context; because of time and budget constraints some questions were dropped or modified. The data collection was done by means of telephone and postal questionnaires. The postal questionnaire contained questions on issues such as household division of labor and value items, it was sent to respondents after the telephone interview was completed. Respondents were offered an online version of the postal questionnaire. Some data were collected from registers. In the data file that is stored at and distributed by NIDI a number of variables have been aggregated or dropped. This is due to legal constraints as imposed by Statistics Sweden. Access to these variables in their original un-aggregated format can be granted to researchers associated with and located at SUDA and ARC.

PDF Documentation

Generations and Gender Survey Sweden Wave 1 - Documentation


Related Materials



Related References

Swedish country presentations at the GGP International Working Group Meetings



Transition to adulthood
Work-family balance
Gender Relations
Intergenerational exchange
Informal and formal care
Well being and health
Economic activity
Geographical Coverage Description

The whole country.





Kinds of Data
Survey data plus population register
Analysis Unit

Data Collection

Collection Organization
Data Collection Date
Mode of Data Collection
  • Telephone interview (CATI WinDATI at Statistics Sweden) and Registers for information on: family of origin, current partner, children, partner history, fertility intentions, education, employment, occupation and income (respondent and current partner).
  • Self-administered postal questionnaire or online alternative for information on: household economy, household work, decision making, social and economic exchange, Health and Wellbeing, values, beliefs, Subjective norms, and intentions.
Actions to Minimize Losses
  1. Dealing with nonresponse 1.1 Screening: DK 1.2 Refusal conversion: Yes, in special follow-up processes. 1.3 Incentives: No

  2. Tracking of sampled units 2.1 Respondent contact information: Address, telephone numbers, Id-identification including family members. 2.2 Other contact information: Statistics Sweden is allowed to get contact information from several other authorties. 2.3 Cards: No 2.4 Additional surveys: No 2.5 Administrative records: Contact information from employers from Register of Statement of incomes.

Collection Situation
  1. Interviewers 1.1 Total number of interviewers: 59 1.2 Number of interviewers in the field: All interviewers were located in Stat Sweden's CATI-center 1.3 Network organization: See 1.2 1.4 Working arrangement of interviewers: Part-time (0.50-0.80 of full-time) 1.5 Payment of interviewers: Monthly salary

  2. Interviewer training:
    2.1 General interviewing: Each interviewer have an initial one-week basic course. After one year the interviewers has a continuation course. 2.2 Survey specific:In this survey, all interviewers followed a theoretical study-specific training. 2.3 Length: 12 hours (theory and practice) 2.4 Control of performance: Monitoring (during the education phase) and control and feedback based on process data (paradata) from the CATI-system. 2.5 Interviewer survey: NO

  3. Contact protocols 3.1 Advance letter: All sample units recieved an advance letterr. 3.2 Cold contacts: Telephone 3.3 Scheduling / scattering: Yes. Call attempts were distributed over all weekdays, weekends (including Sundays) and during the days across morning, afternoon and evening (until 9 p.m.). 3.4 Contact history: DK 3.5 Min number of contacts: 1 3.6 Max number of contacts: 12

  4. Questionnaire localization 4.1 Validation: Expert review of the questionnaire by Statistics Sweden's Cognitive Methods Unit 4.2 Pre-test: Yes. Pilot study using a 400-person sampling frame with the same design as the full survey. 4.3 Length of interview: The average time for the telephone interviews was 26 minutes and 28 seconds.



Time Method


Sampling Procedure
  1. Sampling frame 1.1 Type of frame: Register of the Total Population (RTB) 1.2 Frame coverage: The Frame (RTB) covers all individuals in Sweden covered by the civil registration. Statistics Sweden's RTB recieve daily updates from The Swedish Tax Agency. 1.3 Frame size: A subset of RTB, age 18-79 (7 128 847 individuals) 1.4 Level of units available: 7 128 847 individuals

  2. Sampling method 2.1 Sampling method type: Proportional-to-size sampling with a simple random sampling (SI) within strata. (one-stage sampling; individual level) 2.2 Sampling stage definition

  • PSU: individual
  • SSU: NA
  • TSU: NA 2.3 Sampling stage size
  • PSU: individuals
  • SSU: NA
  • TSU: NA 2.4 Unit selection: individuals 2.5 Final stage unit selection: individuals 2.6 Within household unit selection: out of scope 2.7 Stratification: The frame is divided into 8 strata by sex (male, female), age (18-49, 50-79) and residence (three major cities, other). 2.8 Sample size
  • Starting size sample: 18000 individuals
  • Aimed total size at Wave 1: 18000 individuals
  • Aimed total size at Wave 3: NA 2.9 Estimated Non-response
  • Yearly attrition: NA
  • Non response measures: The total non response rate for Wave 1 is 45,4 % (excluding overcoverage). The non respose rate is calculated as follows: number of non-respondents / (the sample size-number of overcoverage units). The overcoverage is negligible in this survey.
  • Within household non-responses measures: out of scope

Data Processing


Archive Information

Appears Within




View Full History
Revision Date Responsibility Rationale
8 5/15/2023 5:07:11 PM
6 4/13/2023 3:05:48 PM
5 2/2/2023 3:03:12 PM
4 1/27/2023 1:59:39 PM
3 11/16/2022 10:39:10 AM
2 11/8/2022 3:58:57 PM
1 10/15/2021 8:18:38 AM

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