Generations and Gender Survey Lithuania Wave 1 & Wave 2

Study

Title

Generations and Gender Survey Lithuania Wave 1 & Wave 2

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Alternate Title

GGS Lithuania Wave 1 & Wave 2

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Source

Institute for Demographic Research, Lithuanian Social Research Centre.

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Abstract

The Generations and Gender Survey (GGS) provides micro-level data with the aim of significantly improving the knowledge base for social science and policymaking in Europe and developed countries elsewhere. In Europe 2020, the European Union develops a strategy "to help us come out stronger from the crisis and turn the EU into a smart, sustainable and inclusive economy delivering high levels of employment, productivity and social cohesion". The economic crisis affects not only day-to-day decisions, but also fundamental choices at all stages of people's lives: marriage and childbearing, the combination of employment and caring responsibilities for the young and the old, retirement, housing, and ageing well. The GGS has been developed to provide scientists with high-quality data to contribute scientifically grounded answers to these key policy questions. Survey content focuses on intergenerational and gender relations between people, expressed in care arrangements and the organization of paid and unpaid work. Key feature of the survey are:

  • Cross-national comparability. In each country data is collected on the basis of a common international questionnaire and guidelines about the methodology. Data processing includes central harmonization of national datasets.
  • A broad age range. It includes respondents between the ages of 18 and 80.
  • A longitudinal design. It has a panel design, collecting information on the same persons at three-year intervals.
  • A large sample size. It has an average of 9,000 respondents per country at Wave 1.
  • A theory-driven and multidisciplinary questionnaire. It provides data for policy relevant research by demographers, economists, sociologists, social policy researchers, social psychologists and epidemiologists. The questionnaire is inspired by the theory of planned behavior.
  • Possibility to combine the survey data with macro data provided by the GGP Contextual Database. This combination enables analyses of individuals and families in their cultural, economic, political, social and policy contexts.
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Completeness
WAVE 1 GGS core questionnaire was adapted to Lithuanian context: some questions were droped or modified. WAVE 2 The cases beloning to the new Lithuanian W2 sample, which consists of 5748 completed interviews, have not been harmonised yet. These respondents answered to a mix of Wave 1 and Wave 2 variables. These case are therefore NOT included in the release harmonised Wave 2 file.
StudyNumber
GGS.W1.W2.25

Related Materials

Lithuania_Questionnaire_W1_lt

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Related Materials

Lithuania_Questionnaire_W2_lt

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Related References

Lithuanian country presentations at the GGP International Working Group Meetings

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PDF Documentation

Generations and Gender Survey Lithuania Wave 1 & Wave 2 - Documentation

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Coverage

Keywords
Fertility, Partnership, Transition to adulthood, Work-family balance, Gender relations, Intergenerational exchanges, Informal and formal care, Well-being and health, Grandparenthood, Economic activity, Retirement
Geographical Coverage Description

Whole territory of the Republic of Lithuania.

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Country
Lithuania

Funding

Data

Kinds of Data
Survey data
Analysis Unit
Individuals

Data Collection

Collection Organization
Data Collection Date
-
Mode of Data Collection

Method: Face-to-Face (personal interview). Technique: Paper and Pencil.

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Actions to Minimize Losses

WAVE 1 & WAVE 2 ACTIONS

  1. Dealing with nonresponse: 1.1 Screening: No. 1.2 Refusal conversion: Gallup (Baltic Surveys Ltd. is member of Gallup Inc.) has developed an Interviewers' Manual where possible complicated situations are described, most often asked questions by respondents and possible answers to them are listed. During interviewers' training this issue is usually widely discussed. 1.3 Incentives: No.

  2. Tracking of sampled units 2.1 Respondent contact information: Yes, contact details of the respondent were collected. 2.2 Other contact information: Yes, contact details of a proxy (such as parents, friend) were collected. 2.3 Cards: A "thank-you-letter" and a "change-of-address-notification" card (with paid postage fee, included in all the mailings as a standard part of the letter) were sent to all the respondents in 2007 and in 2008. If there were e-mail addresses given, "change-of-address-notification" messages were sent to these addresses also. If there was no postal information, respondents were called by phone or visited. 2.4 Additional surveys: No. 2.5 Administrative records: No.

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Collection Situation

WAVE 1 DATA COLLECTION

  1. Interviewers 1.1 Total number of interviewers: 191. 1.2 Number of interviewers in the field: Each interviewer had to conduct particular number of interviews during specific period. Some of them could finish the work earlier than others. 1.3 Network organization: Field coordinators: field manager in central office; three regional supervisors in central office; four regional supervisors in regions. 1.4 Working arrangement of interviewers: Contracted - other. 1.5 Payment of interviewers: Per interview.

  2. Interviewer training 2.1 General interviewing: Interviewers are trained before each survey. They always are instructed on general interviewing techniques. Gallup has developed interviewers' manual including instructions how to behave in possible complicated situations, how to speak with potential respondent, how to persuade him/her to take part in the survey, how to ask questions, etc. 2.2 Survey specific: All interviewers were instructed before GGS survey. First step of training was performed with regional supervisors. They were informed about the purpose of the survey and about the necessity strictly to follow requirements. Regional supervisors were asked to read through whole questionnaire, noticing and commenting all the difficulties, and to ask questions if there were any unclear things. Regional supervisors were given prepared instruction for interviewers and they used it while reading the questionnaire. After that they had to make one interview each themselves and commented difficulties experienced. All their comments and difficult situations were discussed with project manager and field supervisor. Second step of training was performed by regional supervisors with interviewers in separate regions. The procedure was the same - they were informed about the purpose of the survey and about the necessity strictly to follow the requirements. Interviewers were asked to read through whole questionnaire, noticing and commenting all the difficulties, and to ask questions if there were any unclear things. Interviewers were given prepared instruction for interviewers and they used it while reading the questionnaire. After that they had to make interview themselves and to comment difficulties experienced. All their comments and difficult situations were discussed with regional supervisor. Interviewers were trained in persuading the respondents to participate in next wave of the survey also. After training each interviewer was given one questionnaire and was asked to interview one person. These questionnaires were brought to regional supervisors and checked. If everything was done well, questionnaires were filled correctly, interviewers were allowed to conduct GGS survey interviews. If questionnaires were filled not correctly, interviewer either had to repeat training course, or he/she was not allowed to do interviews in this survey. 2.3 Length: Trainings - 8 full working days. Training contained both general interviewing questions and survey specific issues. Approximately one third of time was devoted to general interviewing and two thirds of time to survey specific issues. 2.4 Control of performance: After the completed questionnaires were brought to the supervisor they are ranged according to number of interview on random route administration sheet. Demographic characteristics of the respondent in the questionnaire were compared with demographic characteristics in random route administration sheet. Next step - to check if interviewers chose necessary person for interview according to the birthday rule. On the third step of quality control - all questionnaires were checked by supervisors: accuracy of data recording and following skip rules was checked. If there were some inaccurate or not clear parts, interviewers had to re-contact respondent and clarify obscurities. Randomly selected 10% of respondents of each interviewer were re-contacted in order to check if interview was really conducted and if interviewer presented respondent correct information about the survey. Respondents most often were re-contacted by phone. Regional supervisors followed description of random route by randomly selected interviewers and visited respondents at their home for interviewers work control. All respondents were asked about the willingness to take part in the next waves of GGS and if agreed, their names and addresses were recorded. After the fieldwork finished, they were re-contacted by mail, phone or in-person and their data checked on a regular base. 2.5 Interviewer survey: No.

  3. Contact protocols 3.1 Advance letter: No. 3.2 Cold contacts: Face-to-face. 3.3 Scheduling / scattering: Yes. Contact attempts were scattered over different days of the week (week-days and week-ends) and different time of the day. 3.4 Contact history: Yes, in a regular contact sheet. 3.5 Min number of contacts: Number of interviews that should be conducted in PSU was prescribed (10-12 interviews per PSU, 3 call-backs per potential respondent). 2.6 Max number of contacts: Number of interviews that should be conducted in PSU was prescribed, not number of contacts.

  4. Questionnaire localization 4.1 Validation: Yes, back-translation. 4.2 Pre-test: A pilot was carried out in March 2006 (150 respondents; 75 men + 75 women; 95 aged 18-49 + 55 aged 50-79; number of interviewers : 104; number of settlements: 67 ; mean length of the interview: 139 minutes, min 54 minutes, max 280 minutes, mode - 95 minutes, 25th percentile 105 minutes, median 130 minutes, 75th percentile 172 minutes). Major findings of the pilot: questionnaire is too long and too complicated. Two unacceptable themes: (1) possessions in household and inheritance, (2) partners and fertility (for older people). The majority of questionnaire adaptation was done in the Section 10 of the GGS Wave 1 Core questionnaire, namely some more general questions on the eagerness of respondent to answer the questions on possessions were added, while some questions were dropped (i.e. 1010-1018). 4.3 Length of interview: In the majority of cases respondents were co-operative. The average duration of interview was about 80 minutes depending on person interviewed - young or old, single or living with family, having several children or none, etc. In approximately one fifth of interviews other persons participated - children (most often small), parents or partner.

WAVE 2 DATA COLLECTION

  1. Interviewers 1.1 Total number of interviewers: 179 1.2 Number of interviewers in the field: 118 for wave 2 and 151 in ad-hoc of new respondents. 1.3 Network organization: Field coordinators: field manager in central office, three regional supervisors in central office, four regional supervisors in regions. 1.4 Working arrangement of interviewers: Contracted - other 1.5 Payment of interviewers: Per interview

  2. Interviewer training 2.1 General interviewing: Interviewers are trained before each survey. They always are instructed on general interviewing techniques. Gallup has developed interviewers' manual including instructions how behave in possible complicated situations, how to speak with potential respondent, how to persuade him to take part in the survey, how to ask questions, etc. Before the 2nd wave interviewers were instructed how to behave in situation if the person who agreed to participate in longitude refuses in the last moment. 2.2 Survey specific: same as for Wave 1 2.3 Length: same as for Wave 1 2.4 Control of performance: In wave 2, demographics of each completed interview was checked with demographics from personal card of the participant of the 1st wave. Ad-hoc survey of new respondents : After the completed questionnaires were brought to the supervisor they are ranged according to number of interview on random route administration sheet. Demographic characteristics of the respondent in the questionnaire were compared with demographic characteristics in random route administration sheet. Next step – to check if interviewers chose necessary person for interview according to the birthday rule. In wave 2 and in ad hoc survey all questionnaires were checked by supervisors - accuracy of data recording and following skip rules was checked. If there were some inaccurate or not clear parts, interviewers had to re-contact the respondent and clarify obscurities. Randomly selected 10% of respondents of each interviewer were re-contacted in order to check if interview was really conducted and if interviewer presented respondent correct information about the survey. Respondents most often were re-contacted by phone. Regional supervisors followed description of random route by randomly selected interviewers and visited respondents at their home for interviewers work control. All respondents were asked about the willingness to take part in the next waves of GGS and if agreed, their names and addresses were recorded. 2.5 Interviewer survey: None

  3. Contact protocols 3.1 Advance letter: Respondents who agreed to participate in wave 2 were contacted several times during the period between 1st and 2nd waves - after first wave post card was sent with thank for participation. After that - 2 letters reminding about the second wave and with request to update contact information via ordinary mail. If no response received via ordinary mail respondents were contacted via phone or via e-mail or face-to-face. In af hoc survey of new respondents - letter informing introducing GGS survey, the subject and the aim of the survey, the agency conducting interviews in Lithuania, the use of data in the future, etc. and asking potential respondents to take part in it. 3.2 Cold contacts: Face-to-face 3.3 Scheduling / scattering: Yes. Contact attempts were scattered over different days of the week (week-days and week-ends) and different time of the day. 3.4 Contact history: In ad hoc survey - in a regular contact sheet 3.5 Min number of contacts: In wave 2 - no minimum number of contacts. In ad hoc survey - mumber of nterviews that should be conducted in PSU was prescribed (10-12 interviews per PSU, 3 call-backs per potential respondent) 2.6 Max number of contacts: In wave 2 - no maximum number of contacts. In ad hoc survey - number of interviews that should be conducted in PSU was prescribed, not number of contacts

  4. Questionnaire localization 4.1 Validation: back-translation 4.2 Pre-test: DK 4.3 Length of interview: DK

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Methodology

Time Method

Panel

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Sampling Procedure

WAVE 1 SAMPLING PROCEDURE

  1. Sampling frame 1.1 Type of frame: List of geographic units and population as of 1 January 2006, Statistics Lithuania. 1.2 Frame coverage: Individuals residing in Lithuania aged 18-79 years, excluding institutionalised persons (prisons, army, hospitals, etc.). 1.3 Frame size: 2,557,085 individuals 1.4 Level of units available: Settlements and districts within urban areas.

  2. Sampling method 2.1 Sampling method type: Multistage random sample design had been used for the study. The first stage of the sampling procedure consists in defining administrative regions of Lithuania: 10 such regions are defined. In order to identify cluster of sampling, sampling points are selected according to the size of the settlements that are grouped into big, medium, small towns and villages. The number of the sampling points in each category depends on the percentage of population living in the settlements of this category. 2.2 Sampling stage definition

    • PSU: Administrative regions (counties).
    • SSU: Settlements.
    • TSU: Individuals aged 18-79. 2.3 Sampling stage size
    • PSU: 10.
    • SSU: 318.
    • TSU: 10,036. 2.4 Unit selection: Systematic random. 2.5 Final stage unit selection: SRS (Simple Random Sampling). 2.6 Within Household unit selection: Last birthday method. 2.7 Stratification: Implicit. 2.8 Sample size
    • Starting size sample: 912 PSU's (912 x 11 = 10,032)
    • Aimed total size at Wave 1: 10,036.
    • Aimed total size at Wave 3: None. 2.9 Estimated Non-response
    • Initial non-response: Not estimated.
    • Yearly attrition: Not estimated.
    • Non response measures: Not applicable for random route methodology.
    • Within household non-responses measures: Three call-backs were used in order to contact the household or eligible respondent. If after three call-backs there was no contact, no other measures were used and hence, the household was marked as non-response.

WAVE 2 SAMPLING PROCEDURE Sampling: panel (wave 1 database of addresses). All the Wave 1 persons who had agreed to be recontacted for a second interview (i.e., 5810 respondents which is equal to 58 of Wave 1 respondents). SAMPLE REFRESHMENT: In addition to these persons, 12882 individuals were also contacted before Wave 2. These persons were NOT inteviewed at Wave 1 and they represent a new sample. This allowed to carry out 5748 additional completed interviews. These interviews are NOT included in the released harmonised Wave 2 file. ESTIMATED NON-RESPONSE

  • Initial non-response: 5810 respondents of the 1st wave agreed to be interviewed during the 2nd wave of GGS in 2009. After the 1st wave while collecting updated contact information about respondents we received following information: 272 respondents died/ were ill / not able to communicate; 449 respondents moved to other country; 691 respondents moved to other location, contact information not available; 443 respondents - no contact with them, no information about them available.
  • Yearly attrition: None, the yearly attrition was not estimated
  • Non response measures: Sending post cards after the fieldwork, Sending letters and address cards for checking the contact information in 2007 and 2008. If no response received via ordinary mail, respondents were contacted via phone from address' data base. If telephone number was not available, interviewers visited addresses from data base and collected updated information. Respondents having e-mail addresses were sent e-mail letters with request for updated contact information.
  • Within household non-responses measures: In wave 2, no specified number of visits in order to contact necessary person and conduct the interview. In ad hoc survey - three call-backs were used in order to contact the household or eligible respondent. If, after three call-backs there was no contact, no other measures were used - the household was marked as non-response
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Data Processing

Processing Events

Extra

Archive Information

Appears Within

Information

StudyNumber
GGS.W1.W2.25

History

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Revision Date Responsibility Rationale
3 11/17/2022 3:27:29 PM meredith.winn@ined.fr
2 11/16/2022 10:39:10 AM meredith.winn@ined.fr
1 10/15/2021 1:06:39 PM jeremy@colectica.com

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