Generations and Gender Survey Romania Wave 1

Alternate Title

GGS Romania Wave 1


The Generations and Gender Survey (GGS) provides micro-level data with the aim of significantly improving the knowledge base for social science and policymaking in Europe and developed countries elsewhere. In Europe 2020, the European Union develops a strategy "to help us come out stronger from the crisis and turn the EU into a smart, sustainable and inclusive economy delivering high levels of employment, productivity and social cohesion". The economic crisis affects not only day-to-day decisions, but also fundamental choices at all stages of people's lives: marriage and childbearing, the combination of employment and caring responsibilities for the young and the old, retirement, housing, and ageing well. The GGS has been developed to provide scientists with high-quality data to contribute scientifically grounded answers to these key policy questions. Survey content focuses on intergenerational and gender relations between people, expressed in care arrangements and the organization of paid and unpaid work. Key feature of the survey are:

  • Cross-national comparability. In each country data is collected on the basis of a common international questionnaire and guidelines about the methodology. Data processing includes central harmonization of national datasets.
  • A broad age range. It includes respondents between the ages of 18 and 80.
  • A longitudinal design. It has a panel design, collecting information on the same persons at three-year intervals.
  • A large sample size. It has an average of 9,000 respondents per country at Wave 1.
  • A theory-driven and multidisciplinary questionnaire. It provides data for policy relevant research by demographers, economists, sociologists, social policy researchers, social psychologists and epidemiologists. The questionnaire is inspired by the theory of planned behavior.
  • Possibility to combine the survey data with macro data provided by the GGP Contextual Database. This combination enables analyses of individuals and families in their cultural, economic, political, social and policy contexts.
Household questionnaires were also compiled with the aim of gathering household identification data.

PDF Documentation

Generations and Gender Survey Romania Wave 1 - Documentation


Related Materials



Related References

Romanian country presentations at the GGP International Working Group Meetings



Fertility, Partnership, Transition to adulthood, Work-family balance, Gender relations, Intergenerational exchanges, Informal and formal care, Well-being and health, Grandparenthood, Economic activity, Retirement
Geographical Coverage Description

Whole country




Kinds of Data
Survey data
Analysis Unit

Data Collection

Data Collection Date
Mode of Data Collection

Method: Face-to-Face (personal interview) Technique: Paper and pencil (PAPI) - Registration method

Collection Situation


  1. Interviewers 1.1 Total number of interviewers: 442 interviewers 1.2 Number of interviewers in the field: 1 interviewer in each research centre. 1.3 Network organization: Structured on three levels: 42 local responsibles (42 counties–territorial units NUTS 3); 44 supervisors(1 at 12 interviewers). 1.4 Working arrangement of interviewers: DK 1.5 Payment of interviewers: DK

  2. Interviewer training: DK

  3. Contact protocols Preliminary visits: 2-6 Nov 2005

  • Identify the address;
  • Identify of dwelling and household status;
  • Verify the existance of eligible persons;
  • Establish the interview date.
  1. Questionnaire localization 4.1 Validation: DK 4.2 Pre-test: The questionnaire was tested in November 2004 in 41 counties and Bucharest. In total 424 dwellings with eligible persons (18-79 years; 212 women and 212 men) were selected. The dwellings were based in 108 research centres(65 urban, 47 rural). The test was possible thanks to the financial support of UNFPA and technical support of NIS. 4.3 Length of interview: Average interview duration: 90-100 min. (89.3 min urban, 97.8 min rural).


Time Method


Sampling Procedure
  1. Sampling frame 1.1 Type of frame: Dwelling lists: EMZOT (master sample) 1.2 Frame coverage: Whole population of Romania. 1.3 Frame size: Around 1.5 mil dwellings(13% of total permanent dwellings); 780 research centres(PSU): 427 urban, 353 rural 1.4 Level of units available: dwellings.

  2. Sampling method 2.1 Sampling method type: multistage sample design - four stages 2.2 Sampling stage definition

  • PSU: Research centres
  • SSU: Dwellings addresses.
  • TSU: NA. 2.3 Sampling stage size
  • PSU: 420 research centres(54% of total number of EMZOT centre) 229 urban, 191 rural
  • SSU: 14280 dwellings(12600 dwellings in initial sample+ 1680 dwellings reserve sample)
  • TSU: NA. 2.4 Unit selection: DK 2.5 Final stage unit selection: DK 2.6 Within household unit selection: kish method (eligible persons 18-79 years) 2.7 Stratification: DK 2.8 Sample size:
  • Starting size sample: around 10080 (5040 women, 5040 men)
  • Aimed total size at Wave 1: DK
  • Aimed total size at Wave 3: DK 2.9 Estimated Non-response: DK

Data Processing


Archive Information

Appears Within




View Full History
Revision Date Responsibility Rationale
3 1/27/2023 1:59:39 PM
2 11/16/2022 10:39:10 AM
1 10/15/2021 1:11:55 PM

© Generations and Gender Programme - 2022
Powered by Colectica.