Generations and Gender Survey 2020 Uruguay Wave 1

Alternate Title

Encuesta de Generaciones y Género (Uruguay ola 1)


The Generations and Gender Survey (GGS) provides micro-level data with the aim of significantly improving the knowledge base for social science and policymaking in Europe and developed countries elsewhere. In Europe 2020, the European Union develops a strategy "to help us come out stronger from the crisis and turn the EU into a smart, sustainable and inclusive economy delivering high levels of employment, productivity and social cohesion". The economic crisis affects not only day-to-day decisions, but also fundamental choices at all stages of people's lives: marriage and childbearing, the combination of employment and caring responsibilities for the young and the old, retirement, housing, and ageing well. The GGS has been developed to provide scientists with high-quality data to contribute scientifically grounded answers to these key policy questions. Survey content focuses on intergenerational and gender relations between people, expressed in care arrangements and the organization of paid and unpaid work. Key feature of the survey are:

Cross-national comparability. In each country data is collected on the basis of a common international questionnaire and guidelines about the methodology. Data processing includes central harmonization of national datasets. A broad age range. It includes respondents between the ages of 18 and 80. A longitudinal design. It has a panel design, collecting information on the same persons at three-year intervals. A large sample size. It has an average of 9,000 respondents per country at Wave 1. A theory-driven and multidisciplinary questionnaire. It provides data for policy relevant research by demographers, economists, sociologists, social policy researchers, social psychologists and epidemiologists. The questionnaire is inspired by the theory of planned behavior. Possibility to combine the survey data with macro data provided by the GGP Contextual Database. This combination enables analyses of individuals and families in their cultural, economic, political, social and policy contexts.

GGP ID Number


Transition to adulthood
Work-family balance
Gender relations
Intergenerational exchanges
Informal and formal care
Well-being and health
Economic activity
Geographical Coverage Description

Urban localities with more than 20,000 inhabitants, Urban localities with less than 20,000 inhabitants and more than 5000, stratified by regions distributed in 18 departments

Highest Level
Urban population
Lowest Level
Geographic regions: center, south center, east coast, border with Brazil, north coast, south coast, metropolitan area stratified in 5 regions, and Montevideo stratified in 5 regions
Uruguay (URY), GGP code: 40


Authorization Sources


Kinds of Data
2011 National Population Census
Analysis Unit
Data Files

GGS-II Uruguay Wave 1

GGS-II Uruguay Wave 1 en
GGS-II Uruguay Wave 1 en
Data Collection Date
Mode of Data Collection

Mixed mode ● Face-to-Face (personal interview).
● Self-administered - CAWI (10% of the initial sample was allocated to surveys using the CAWI format)

Mode of Data Collection


Actions to Minimize Losses
  1. Dealing with non-response: Send letters to high income areas of Montevideo, supervisors visits to houses that rejected to respond, fieldwork trips in groups of about 8 interviewers and one supervisor, phone calls to ask for permission to enter buildings with lots of security. 1.1. Screening: No 1.2. Refusal conversion: Yes, we have a specific letter to give to those respondents that reject to answer, we suggest them to call to the office so they can talk with a supervisor and we suggest to check interviewers identities in our webpage, we offer them different times and days, if they were selected to answer face to face sometimes we offer to answer via web mode. 1.3. Incentives: Prize drawing

  2. Tracking of sampled units 2.1. Respondent contact information: Yes, we collect contact information of every completed interview. 2.2. Other contact information: No 2.3. Cards: No. 2.4. Additional surveys: No 2.5. Administrative records: No

Collection Situation
  1. Questionnaire localization 1.1. Validation : The translation was based on an initial translation to Spanish made by a GGS team in Buenos Aires, Argentina. In Uruguay, we adapted some words from Argentinean Spanish to Uruguayan Spanish and tested the comprehensibility of the formulation of the questions in a pilot questionnaire that we applied before starting the fieldwork. 1.2. Pre-test : Yes pre-test with normal survey rules (pilot). 1.3. Pilot : September 2021, 100 cases in capital 1.4. Deviations from the baseline questionnaire : The GGP baseline questionnaire was been modified, added questionnaire modules including country-specific questions 1.5. Interview lenght : face to face: 1:39; web: 1:46 1.6. Breaks-off : 428 interrupted interviews: 175 face to face, 253 web

  2. Interviewers 2.1. Total interviewers: 222 interviewers 2.2. Total interviewers in the field: Max number of interviewers: 90; Min number of interviewers: 50 2.3. Network Organization: Interviewers network was centralized in Montevideo, with 4 supervisors. In the last 2 months we worked with a regional supervisor in the north coast 2.4. Working arrangement of Interviewers: Contracted - other 2.5. Payment of interviewers: Per interview

  3. Interviewer training 3.1. General Interviewer training: Interviewers participate in a training of 6 hours divided in two parts: one about GGS, the questionnaire and fieldwork methodology, the other about how device works and to make a trial of interview 3.2. Survey Specific training: Yes, they were trained about GGS specific questions (that differ from typical household interviews), and about GGP 3.3. Length of training: 3 hours each 3.4. Control of Performance (i.e. testing): We called 10% of completed interviews (balanced among interviewers) and check consistency of filled out questionnaires 3.5. Interviewer Survey: No

  4. Contact protocols 4.1 Advance Letter Information: We sent 1000 letters at the begining of the fieldwork only to buildings in Montevideo. The letter has a brief introduction about the survey, and contact information 4.2 Cold Contacts: Face to face, we have no phones at all, only addresses 4.3 Scheduling/Scatter: We define a three visit protocol, interviewers have to visit each address three times before giving up on it. The three visits have to be on different days (weekdays and weekend) and at different times. 4.4 Contact History: Yes, it was recorded in individual sheets (one per interviewer). We attache it, it can have missings because it depends entirely on interviewers. 4.5 Min number of contacts: There were a minimum of visits, it was three. Each visit doesn't represent a contact since we consider a visit is done even when there's nobody in a house. 4.6 Max number of contacts: The maximum number of visits were three also.

  5. Noteworthy characteristics of the data collection situation: It was hard to get the interview in the first visit, that slow down fieldwork because interviewers have to visit each house more than once. There were some specific regions more difficult to interview. In high income areas of Montevideo it was difficult to convince people to get interviewed, in specific localities of less than 20,000 inhabitants (Sarandi Grande and Sarandi del Yi) it was more difficult to hire people that live there, in Melo and Maldonado (cities of more than 20,000 inhabitants) we also have difficulties to hire people. Because of the sample size we have to use the last census that was done in 2011, so some addresses to contact people were old and make it harder to find those respondents.

  6. Context: The Covid-19 pandemic The health emergency was declared on March 13, 2020. During the whole of 2020 there were few infections. The first wave started at the end of November and peaked during March and April 2021, when about 5,000 deaths were recorded. There were no specific measures, except for the recommendation to use facemasks in enclosed spaces with many people and to keep a physical distance as far as possible. We believe that COVID-19 negatively impacted the response rate in the face-to-face surveys. We asked the questions recommended by GGP



Time Method


Sampling Procedure
  1. Sampling frame
  • Type of Frame: Frame = Census 2011. Area and list frame
  • Frame Coverage: unkown
  • Frame Size: 1,050,000 dwellings
  • Level of units available: regions, block, dwellings
  1. Sampling Method
  • Sampling Method Type: Multistage sampling.
  • Sampling Stage Definitions: Multistage sampling. PSUs: blocks SSUs: dwellings TSUs: elegible person
  • Sampling Stage Sizes: PSUs: 34000 SSUs: 1,050,000 TSUs: unkown
  • Unit Selection: PSU = PPS, SSU and TSU = EPSEM
  • Final Stage Unit Selection: N/A
  • Within Household Unit Selection: N/A
  • Stratification: proportional allocation. Stratas wre defined using geografic information, urbanicity and economic-social data
  • Sample Size: Starting sample size= 11560; Aimed total size at Wave 1=8000
  • Estimated Non-Response: N/A
  • Yearly attrition: N/A
  • Non-response measures: N/A
  • Within household non-response measures: replicates methods (see Valliant 2013)

Data Processing


Appears Within


GGP ID Number


View Full History
Revision Date Responsibility Rationale
5 9/25/2023 2:58:57 PM
4 7/4/2023 11:07:34 AM
3 6/14/2023 7:47:17 AM
2 6/2/2023 4:34:44 PM
1 6/2/2023 4:12:34 PM

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