Generations and Gender Survey Austria Wave 1 & Wave 2

Study

Title

Generations and Gender Survey Austria Wave 1 & Wave 2

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Alternate Title

Austria Wave 1 & Wave 2

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Source

Austrian Institute for Family Studies (OeIF); University of Vienna.

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Abstract

The Generations and Gender Survey (GGS) provides micro-level data with the aim of significantly improving the knowledge base for social science and policymaking in Europe and developed countries elsewhere. In Europe 2020, the European Union develops a strategy "to help us come out stronger from the crisis and turn the EU into a smart, sustainable and inclusive economy delivering high levels of employment, productivity and social cohesion". The economic crisis affects not only day-to-day decisions, but also fundamental choices at all stages of people's lives: marriage and childbearing, the combination of employment and caring responsibilities for the young and the old, retirement, housing, and ageing well. The GGS has been developed to provide scientists with high-quality data to contribute scientifically grounded answers to these key policy questions. Survey content focuses on intergenerational and gender relations between people, expressed in care arrangements and the organization of paid and unpaid work. Key feature of the survey are:

  • Cross-national comparability. In each country data is collected on the basis of a common international questionnaire and guidelines about the methodology. Data processing includes central harmonization of national datasets.
  • A broad age range. It includes respondents between the ages of 18 and 80.
  • A longitudinal design. It has a panel design, collecting information on the same persons at three-year intervals.
  • A large sample size. It has an average of 9,000 respondents per country at Wave 1.
  • A theory-driven and multidisciplinary questionnaire. It provides data for policy relevant research by demographers, economists, sociologists, social policy researchers, social psychologists and epidemiologists. The questionnaire is inspired by the theory of planned behavior.
  • Possibility to combine the survey data with macro data provided by the GGP Contextual Database. This combination enables analyses of individuals and families in their cultural, economic, political, social and policy contexts.
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Completeness
WAVE 1 We imposed a couple of additional items that were not harmonized afterwards. Despite this fact, all items of the core questionaire and all items of additional module-wave1 are in the Austrian harmonized GGS-file. The additional questions that were not included in the harmonized file concern respondents' and partners' activity and income, including an Austrian-specific form of employment (something between employees and self-employed), religiosity, and childbearing intention. WAVE 2 ATTENTION: the 822 sample refrechers are not included in the harmonised datafile. The full datafile (panel + refreshers) can be obtained by request from ggp@oif.ac.at.
StudyNumber
GGSW1.W2.21

PDF Documentation

Generations and Gender Survey Austria Wave 1 & Wave 2 - Documentation

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Related Materials

Website of Familienentwicklung in Österreich

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Related Materials

Austria_Questionnaire_W1_de

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Related Materials

Austria_Questionnaire_W2_de

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Related References

Austrian country presentations at the GGP International Working Group Meetings

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Related References

Attrition in the Austrian Generations and Gender Survey: Is there a bias by fertility-relevant aspects?

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Coverage

Keywords
Fertility, Partnership, Transition to adulthood, Work-family balance, Gender relations, Intergenerational exchanges, Informal and formal care, Well-being and health, Grandparenthood, Economic activity, Retirement
Geographical Coverage Description

Whole territory of Austria.

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Country
Austria

Funding

Data

Kinds of Data
Survey data.
Analysis Unit
Individuals.

Data Collection

Collection Organization
Data Collection Date
-
Mode of Data Collection

Method: Face-to-Face (personal interview) Technique: Computer-Assisted (CAPI)

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Actions to Minimize Losses

WAVE 1

  1. Dealing with nonresponse 1.1 Screening: Yes, by the first questions the information imputed from the centran register was checked. 1.2 Refusal conversion: Basically, the respondents showed a high grade of cooperativeness. For some items the non-resonse rate is significantly higher, but that's a respondent's decision we have to accept. 1.3 Incentives: Yes (supermarket cheque of €15,-).

  2. Tracking of sampled units 2.1 Respondent contact information: Yes, some contact details of the respondent were collected. 2.2 Other contact information: No. 2.3 Cards: A "thank-you-letter" was sent to all the respondents. As Austria has a very good and recent centralized registration system (Zentraler Melderegister), we are in the position to follow the repondent within Austria. Just for verifying, we also send christmas greeting cards etc. to get aware of some emigrants etc. (the central register will give us the adresses of all respondents that have moved within Austria. So, we still cannot catch the emigrated, but we are keeping track of the within-Austria-migration). 2.4 Additional surveys: None. 2.5 Administrative records: Yes, again part of production file; Respondent-ID <= Status change.

WAVE 2

  1. Dealing with nonresponse 1.1 Screening: Yes, by the first couple of questions the information imputed from the central register and/or wave 1 was checked. 1.2 Refusal conversion: Basically, the respondents showed a high grade of cooperativeness. For some items the non-resonse rate is significantly higher, but that's a respondent's decision we have to accept. 1.3 Incentives: Yes (supermarket cheque of €20,-).

  2. Tracking of sampled units 2.1 Respondent contact information: Yes, some contact details of the respondent were collected. As we can follow the respondents within Austria by the Austrian central register, we should find them again. In fact we just had a handfull of blanks from wave 1 - one had died, two were institutionalized (prison, rehab) and some have emigrated. 2.2 Other contact information: No. 2.3 Cards: A "thank-you-letter" was sent to all the respondents. As Austria has a very good and recent centralized registration system (Zentraler Melderegister), we are in the position to follow the repondent within Austria. Just for verifying, we also send christmas greeting cards etc. to get aware of some emigrants etc. (the central register will give us the adresses of all respondents that have moved within Austria. So, we still cannot catch the emigrated, but we are keeping track of the within-Austria-migration). 2.4 Additional surveys: No. 2.5 Administrative records: Yes, see above.

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Collection Situation

WAVE 1 DATA COLLECTION

  1. Interviewers 1.1 Total number of interviewers: 153 1.2 Number of interviewers in the field: No exact information about that. Basically, we worked with the same staff for the whole period. In November 2008 about 30 interviewers were taken in additionally. 1.3 Network organization: Centralized. 1.4 Working arrangement of interviewers: Contracted, no students, experienced professionals. 1.5 Payment of interviewers: Per interview.

  2. Interviewer training 2.1 General interviewing: We had spent a whole day on GGS-training; main points of agenda [1] programme presentation (GGP, what for ~2 hrs); [2] presentation of instrument (CAPI-demo; ~3 hrs); [3] special small group training and interview simulation for the most sensitive parts of the interview ~ up to 4 hrs. 2.2 Survey specific: See above. 2.3 Length: See above. 2.4 Control of performance: Control of performance: Path following routine within CAPI; automated tests within CAPI; 5% were checked by recontacting; just 1 interview was discovered as faked. Another interviewer had interviewed the identically named father instead of the son.
    2.5 Interviewer survey: Yes, see above.

  3. Contact protocols 3.1 Advance letter: Yes; two letters, one by STAT-office, the other by the Federal Minister of family affairs. 3.2 Cold contacts: (1) Letters, (2) Telephone to arrange date and time of the interview, (3) Face-to-face-interview. 3.3 Scheduling / scattering: Arrangement of date & time was within responsibility of the interviewer. 3.4 Contact history: Yes, within the data production file. 3.5 Min number of contacts: No. 3.6 Max number of contacts: Not prescribed, just recommended (5-8 times, depending on household composition, sex & age of respondent, region).

  4. Questionnaire localization 4.1 Validation: No. 4.2 Pre-test: Yes. Some country-specific answers were added in the questionnaire. As to the pilot, Germany conducted the survey in December 2005, the surveys are quite identical, so the Germans "executed our pilot". Intensive checks and simulations were made regarding the CAPI-programme, about 30 test-interviews were conducted, but not a pilot study in it's formal sense. 4.3 Length of interview: 64 minutes (average mean); 60 minutes (median). Respondents were "paid" with a supermarket-cheque (€15,-). We developed a small questionnaire with specific questions for the partner and recommended that the partner should fill in this written questionnaire in another room, if possible. We had special trainings on the sensitive questions.

WAVE 2 DATA COLLECTION

  1. Interviewers 1.1 Total number of interviewers: 146 1.2 Number of interviewers in the field: All interviewers were in for the whole field phase. 1.3 Network organization: Centralized. 1.4 Working arrangement of interviewers: Contracted, no students, experienced professionals. 1.5 Payment of interviewers: Per interview.

  2. Interviewer training 2.1 General interviewing: We had a whole training day, where we (1) presended the GGS2 programme (most interviewer also were in GGS1)[2:30 h] (2) presented the CAPI-demo [1:30], (3) had small workings groups for CAPI-based simulation of most sensitive parts of the questionaire [3:30] and (4) had specialized training units for F2F interviewing the most sensible parts [up to 2h] 2.2 Survey specific: See above 2.3 Length: See above 2.4 Control of performance: Path following routine within CAPI; automated tests within CAPI; 5% were checked by recontacting; no interview was discovered as faked. Ex post we had to eliminate 6 cases, where obiousely another person had been interviewed in wave 1. 2.5 Interviewer survey: Yes, see above.

  3. Contact protocols 3.1 Advance letter: Letter by STAT 3.2 Cold contacts: (1) Letters, (2) Telephone to arrange date and time of the interview, (3) Face-to-face-interview. 3.3 Scheduling / scattering: NA 3.4 Contact history: Yes, within the data production file. 3.5 Min number of contacts: No. 3.6 Max number of contacts: Not prescribed, just recommended (5-8 times, depending on household composition, sex & age of respondent, region).

  4. Questionnaire localization 4.1 Validation: No. 4.2 Pre-test: We had several test interviews to some dozens of real persons. In addition, we held test interviews (role play) between the 147 interviewers, especially in the sections of the questionaire that were rather complicated. 4.3 Length of interview: Length of interview: 65 minutes (average mean); 64 minutes (median). Respondents were "paid" with a supermarket-cheque (€20,-). We developed a small questionaire with specific questions for the partner and recommended that the partner should fill in this written questionaire in another room, if possible. We had special trainings on the sensitive questions.

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Methodology

Time Method

Panel.

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Sampling Procedure

WAVE 1 SAMPLING PROCEDURE

  1. Sampling frame 1.1 Type of frame: A real random sample of individuals (1) within the targeted age ranges (2) living in private households, drawn from the central national population register (Zentraler Melderegister; MR). 1.2 Frame coverage: As the sample was drawn from the central register, we should have full coverage. Some people who had moved in-between date of sampling (July 2008) and survey (September 2008-February 2009) were harder to identify; additional procedures had to be engaged (passing the updated contact information to another interviewer, who is responsible for this region) but even some of them could be found and interviewed. Nobody should be excluded a-priori. 1.3 Frame size: 9,006. 1.4 Level of units available: Individuals.

  2. Sampling method 2.1 Sampling method type: SRS (Simple Random Sampling). 2.2 Sampling stage definition

    • PSU: Individuals aged 18-45.
    • SSU: NA.
    • TSU: NA. 2.3 Sampling stage size
    • PSU: 9,006.
    • SSU: NA.
    • TSU: NA. 2.4 Unit selection: Random number generator. 2.5 Final stage unit selection: SRS (Simple Random Sampling). 2.6 Within Household unit selection: Random selection is based on registered individuals (see above). Selection did not depend on any household characteristics. 2.7 Stratification: Explicit - by design we draw 60% women and 40% men (3000 : 2000 in net sample). 2.8 Sample size:
    • Starting size sample: Gross sample size: 9,006; Net sample size: 5,000 (not all addresses within the gross sample needed to be contacted).
    • Aimed total size at Wave 1: 5,000 (Age range: 18-45).
    • Aimed total size at Wave 3: 4,050 cases with full panel information expected. 2.9 Estimated Non-response
    • Initial non-response: 36%.
    • Yearly attrition: We expect about 12% attrition in the second wave, and 8% at the third wave. At the end of the interview, wave 1, 96% agreed to be interviewed again.
    • Non response measures: Oversampling
    • Within household non-responses measures: None.

WAVE 2 SAMPLING PROCEDURE

  1. Sampling frame 1.1 Type of frame: (1) panel sample: each Wave 1 respondent still living in Austria was recontacted, 78% panel survival; (2) refresher sample: young adults aged 18-22 (not targeted in Wave 1) taken in (3)refreshers of age cohorts that showed low panael survival.
    ATTENTION: Just panel respondents are included in the harmonised datafile. The full file (panel + refreshers) can be obtained on request from ggp@oif.ac.at. SO, FOR USERS OF THE HARMONISED FILE, THE RELEVANT INFORMATION ON SAMPLE SIZE IS SHOWN IN (1) BELOW ! 1.2 Frame coverage: (2) and (3) based of central national population register (Zentraler Melderegister, ZMR) 1.3 Frame size: (1) 5000, (2) 1372, (3) 128. 1.4 Level of units available: Individuals.

  2. Sampling method 2.1 Sampling method type: (2) and (3) SRS (Simple Random Sampling); (1) drawn by SRS for wave 1. 2.2 Sampling stage definition

    • PSU: Panel Sample
    • SSU: Individuals 18-22 (refresher sample)
    • TSU: Individuals (females; higer age cohorts) 2.3 Sampling stage size
    • PSU: 6720 2.4 Unit selection: (2 & 3) Random number generator. 2.5 Final stage unit selection: SRS (Simple Random Sampling). 2.6 Within Household unit selection: Random selection is based on registered individuals (see above). Selection did not depend on any household characteristics. 2.7 Stratification: Explicit - by design we draw 60% women and 40% men in wave 1. sample (2) also 60% women 40% men. 2.8 Sample size:
    • Starting size sample:
    • Aimed total size at Wave 1: 5000
    • Aimed total size at Wave 3: 3400 2.9 Estimated Non-response
    • Initial non-response: 42%
    • Yearly attrition: Attrition had become higer as expected. We nearly had 22% panel mortality. This was partly due to the fact that the intervall between the panal waves had widened up to 4 years!
    • Non response measures: Incentives, additional sampling for cohorts with higher panel mortality
    • Within household non-responses measures: None.
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Data Processing

Processing Events

Extra

Archive Information

Appears Within

Information

StudyNumber
GGSW1.W2.21

History

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Revision Date Responsibility Rationale
2 11/15/2022 4:20:20 PM meredith.winn@ined.fr
1 10/15/2021 2:35:05 PM jeremy@colectica.com

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