Generations and Gender Survey 2020 Norway Wave 1en-GB
Undersøkelse om familie og arbeid [Survey on family and work]en-GB
The Generations and Gender Survey (GGS) data provides micro-level data that can be used to investigate partnership dynamics, transition to adulthood, fertility, care and support networks, division of household tasks, and contraception, among other topics. These data are an essential resource in the understanding of fundamental societal challenges across Europe and beyond and form a substantial basis for the formulation of evidence-based policies. Key features of the survey are:
- Cross-national comparability: The comparative focus allows analyses of the ways in which policies, culture and economic circumstances influence dependencies between men and women and between the young and the old.
- A longitudinal design: The GGP survey applies a panel design - collecting information on the same persons at three-year intervals - to allow the examination of causes and consequences of inequalities between genders and generations.
- A large sample size: The GGP survey has an average of 10,000 respondents per country, making it possible to study numerical minorities and uncommon events.
- A broad age range: The GGP collects data on the whole life course by interviewing respondents aged 18-79. It also enables analysis of multiple generations by asking extensive questions about intergenerational exchange and support.
- The combination of micro and macro data: Alongside the micro data collected via surveys, the GGP has a contextual database with over 100 indicators which cover not only the year of the survey but also retrospective indicators covering the past 40 years to be used alongside the retrospective data in the surveys. A theory-driven and multidisciplinary questionnaire: The GGS questionnaire is developed and maintained by a team of leading social scientists from demography, sociology and economics. The questionnaire seeks to bring together a wide range of subjects that examine the causes and consequences of family change.
Norway National Questionnaire in Norwegianen-GB
New sub-module on Uncertainties and resilience in the Swedish GGS2020en-GB
An experimental GGS module: Measuring childbearing motives, desires and intentions based on the TDIB modelen-GB
The Norwegian Generations and Gender Survey, Round 2 – Wave 1 (2020). Documentation of the data collection process.en-GB
web-survey / CAWIen-GB
CAWI; PC, tablets, smart phones (android and iphone).en-GB
Reminders were sent out based on previous experience. Variation in time when reminder was sent out. Text in reminder was adjusted depending on whether respondent had started to answer or not.
Dealing with non-response 1.1. Screening: No 1.2. Refusal conversion: No 1.3. Incentives: Respondents that participated and finished the survey, could win one of 65 gift cards with a value of 1000 Norwegian Kroners (aprox. 100 €) each.
Tracking of sampled units 2.1. Respondent contact information: No 2.2. Other contact information: No 2.3. Cards: No 2.4. Additional surveys: No 2.5. Administrative records: No No contact information was collected directly form the respondents during data collection. The sample was drawn from the population register and Statistics Norway will maintain the sample, making it possible to re-contact respondents for subsequent waves of data collection.
Questionnaire localization 1.1. Validation : TMT software provided by NIDI/GGP-hub was used. 1.2. Pre-test : No 1.3. Pilot : No 1.4. Deviations from the baseline questionnaire : One question with four items on Covid-19, six questions from the "Module on uncertainties and resilience" (Anderson , Dahlberg & Neyer 2020: https://www.ggp-i.org/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/GunnarAndersson_new-GGS-items-on-uncertainty.pdf). The module "measuring childberaring motives, desires and intentions" (Mynarska & Raubould 2020: https://www.ggp-i.org/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/Mynarska-and-Raybould_Fertility-items-GGS2020_AG.pdf). Question DEM28c (Marriage intention) was not asked due to a coding error. 1.5. Interview lenght : Difficult / impossible to measure exact average duration in CAWI-mode, as respondents could take breaks and continue with the survey later. In-house pre-tests of the survey indicated a duration time between 30-50 minutes. 1.6. Breaks-off : 2 986 interviews.
Interviewers 2.1. Total interviewers: N/A ; the survey was on the WEB 2.2. Total interviewers in the field: N/A 2.3. Network Organization: N/A 2.4. Working arrangement of Interviewers: N/A 2.5. Payment of interviewers: N/A
Interviewer training 3.1. General Interviewer training: N/A ; the survey was on the WEB 3.2. Survey Specific training: N/A 3.3. Length of training: N/A 3.4. Control of Performance (i.e. testing): N/A 3.5. Interviewer Survey: N/A
Contact protocols 4.1 Advance Letter Information: No 4.2 Cold Contacts: First invitation was sent by E-mail and followed up with a text message. Ca. 500 respondents were contacted with a letter. 4.3 Scheduling/Scatter: Yes. Six groups. Invitation and reminders to participate in the survey were sent out on same weekdays for all, but varying times of the day for each group, so that each group got early/late reminders during the fieldwork period. 4.4 Contact History: Yes. Reminders were sent by E-Mails & SMS 4.5 Min number of contacts: Yes, four contacts, in line with the contact plan, if respondent has not finished survey or did not object to further contacts earlier. 4.6 Max number of contacts: Maximum four contacts.
Noteworthy characteristics of the data collection situation: CAWI-mode / websurvey. Respondents were invited by e-mail (or letter) and SMS to participate. An e-mail and phone number was provided in case respondents had questions regarding the survey. Overall, 172 respondents took contact by e-mail (119) or phone (53). This included the following topics: about 60 expressed that they did not want to participate in the survey, 15 had questions related to the survey, 20 reported problems related to the survey or asked for help, 14 wanted to assure that this was a real survey, about 10 had concerns related to data protection/contact information, 20 complained about the request or the number of requests related to the survey.
Context Compared to other European countries, death rates due to COVID-19 were lower in Norway in 2020 and overall no increase in mortality rates was observed. However, in the beginning of November 2020, the number of daily new infections increased again after low numbers in the previous months. As a reaction to that, the Government re-enforced stricter closing and social distancing measures in the time of the fieldwork. The "Government Response Index", constructed by the Oxford Covid-19 Government Response Tracker in order to provide international comparative data and indicators on COVID-19 related policies, reflects this development. The Index builds on government responses and containment and closure measures, where 0 indicates no response and 100 the highest possible value. In the weeks before the fieldwork, the index was below 40, but increased to over 50 during the fieldwork period. The first wave of the pandemic hit Norway in March and a first lockdown was implemented on the12th of March 2020. By the end of April the number of daily infections went significantly down again and a stepwise re-opening of the society was implemented. With increasing infection rates in autumn and winter, regulations were re-introduced. Specifically Oslo implemented stronger restrictions than most other parts of the country. Overall, Norway did not register any increase in death rates due to COVID-19. Some nationwide restrictions / travel restrictions / stronger measures on regional level, including school closures etc. especially in the region of the capital, Oslo. Covid-19 did not impact the fieldwork. A country-specific question was included about Covid-19 pandemic.
- Sampling frame
- Type of Frame: Population register; name lists at national level.
- Frame Coverage: The estimated proportion of the target population covered by the frame available is 99%.
- Frame Size: About 2.665.000 persons aged 18-54 years by 2020-11-01 (1.368.000 men and 1.297.000 women).
- Level of units available: Individuals
- Sampling Method
- Sampling Method Type: SRS (Simple Random Sampling)
- Sampling Stage Definitions: N/A
- Sampling Stage Sizes: N/A PSUs: N/A SSUs: N/A TSUs: N/A
- Unit Selection: N/A
- Final Stage Unit Selection: N/A
- Within Household Unit Selection: N/A
- Stratification: : N/A
- Sample Size: Number of units drawn from the sample frame: 15000. Expected number of respondents in the Wave 1 of data collection: 5000. Expected number of respondents in the Wave 3 of data collection (estimated at the sampling stage): 2000.
- Estimated Non-Response: Our estimated response rate was about 40%. Our aim was to have at least 5000 respondents in the first wave, thus we thought a sample of 15000 would be big enough.
- The measures that were foreseen to battle the inevitable non-response: Oversampling.