Generations and Gender Survey 2020 Sweden Wave 1

Alternate Title

Familjer och vardagsliv i Sverige och Europa


The Generations and Gender Survey (GGS) provides micro-level data with the aim of significantly improving the knowledge base for social science and policymaking in Europe and developed countries elsewhere. In Europe 2020, the European Union develops a strategy "to help us come out stronger from the crisis and turn the EU into a smart, sustainable and inclusive economy delivering high levels of employment, productivity and social cohesion". The economic crisis affects not only day-to-day decisions, but also fundamental choices at all stages of people's lives: marriage and childbearing, the combination of employment and caring responsibilities for the young and the old, retirement, housing, and ageing well. The GGS has been developed to provide scientists with high-quality data to contribute scientifically grounded answers to these key policy questions. Survey content focuses on intergenerational and gender relations between people, expressed in care arrangements and the organization of paid and unpaid work. Key feature of the survey are:

Cross-national comparability. In each country data is collected on the basis of a common international questionnaire and guidelines about the methodology. Data processing includes central harmonization of national datasets. A broad age range. It includes respondents between the ages of 18 and 80. A longitudinal design. It has a panel design, collecting information on the same persons at three-year intervals. A large sample size. It has an average of 9,000 respondents per country at Wave 1. A theory-driven and multidisciplinary questionnaire. It provides data for policy relevant research by demographers, economists, sociologists, social policy researchers, social psychologists and epidemiologists. The questionnaire is inspired by the theory of planned behavior. Possibility to combine the survey data with macro data provided by the GGP Contextual Database. This combination enables analyses of individuals and families in their cultural, economic, political, social and policy contexts.

GGP ID Number

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Transition to adulthood
Work-family balance
Gender relations
Intergenerational exchanges
Informal and formal care
Well-being and health
Economic activity
Geographical Coverage Description

Entire Sweden, including with migration histories by county of residence (NUTS3) and type of municipality (9 categories)

Highest Level
Lowest Level
NUTS3 and type of municipality
Sweden (SWE), GGP code: 29



Kinds of Data
Survey data
Administrative register data
Analysis Unit

Data Collection

GGS-II Sweden Wave 1 en
Collection Organization
Data Collection Date
Mode of Data Collection

Self-administered - CAWI; Self-administered - Postal (postal version sent with first and third/last reminder). CAWI version used by 5,466 respondents.

Mode of Data Collection

Self-administered CAWI - computers, tablets, smart phones

Actions to Minimize Losses
  1. Dealing with non-response 1.1. Screening: Yes, SCB checked instances of over-coverage due to emigration or death between the date of sampling and sending out the letters. 1.2. Refusal conversion: Only reminders were sent 1.3. Incentives: No

  2. Tracking of sampled units 2.1. Respondent contact information: The respondents are drawn from the population register, and will be followed up in future years by means of register-based follow-ups of demographic and a few other specified outcomes. 2.2. Other contact information: No need. 2.3. Cards: No, the follow-ups will be register based and changes of adresses are covered in the population register. 2.4. Additional surveys: No 2.5. Administrative records: Contact details were drawn from the population register.

Collection Situation
  1. Questionnaire localization 1.1. Validation : Most survey items were available already in the GGS that was carried out in 2012 or had been used in other surveys in Sweden. Statistics Sweden's survey-methods experts were involved in validating the survey items. 1.2. Pre-test : See box above. Tests of the web survey were done by the staff at Stockholm University and Statistics Sweden. The web platform as such is a standard one at SCB and required little technical tests. 1.3. Pilot : No 1.4. Deviations from the baseline questionnaire : Some degree of shortening of the main questionnaire was done, with reference to data collected already in 2012. Country-specific modules on uncertainties, trust, Covid, and intensive parenting were instead added, as well as a few additional survey items. And modules with data extracted from adminstrative registers (e.g., migration histories, histories of socio-economic characteristics). Slightly modified questions and filters were applied in some places. 1.5. Interview lenght : There is no info on this. 1.6. Breaks-off : Do not know

  2. Interviewers 2.1. Total interviewers: 0, everything was self-administered, thus the next fields until 3.5 are not applicable. 2.2. Total interviewers in the field: N/A 2.3. Network Organization: N/A 2.4. Working arrangement of Interviewers: N/A 2.5. Payment of interviewers: N/A

  3. Interviewer training 3.1. General Interviewer training: 0, everything was self-administered, thus the next fields until 3.5 are not applicable. 3.2. Survey Specific training: N/A 3.3. Length of training: N/A 3.4. Control of Performance (i.e. testing): N/A 3.5. Interviewer Survey: N/A

  4. Contact protocols 4.1 Advance Letter Information: The letter was sent sent with postal services. It briefly outlined the importance of taking part and listed contacts for inquiries. Also, it detailed how data are to be used and how personal data are protected. 4.2 Cold Contacts: Postal service 4.3 Scheduling/Scatter: no 4.4 Contact History: not applicable 4.5 Min number of contacts: One initial letter and up to three reminders by postal letter 4.6 Max number of contacts: Four

  5. Noteworthy characteristics of the data collection situation: N/A

  6. Context The last Covid wave had ended and a large-scale vaccination program. This program was about to be implemented as the survey entered the field. No serious policy measures were otherwise undertaken. The third Covid wave had not produced much of excess mortality. There were no heavily restrictive measures due to Covid-19 in Sweden. Given the web- and postal based survey the pandamis was not an issue for the fiedwork. Some questions focusing on the impact of COVID-19 on finances, mental wellbeing, relations with family and friends, and work satisfaction, were asked in the survey.



Time Method


Sampling Procedure
  1. Sampling frame
  • Type of Frame: Name and adress lists from the population register that covers all individuals with legal residence in Sweden.
  • Frame Coverage: all individuals with legal residence in Sweden
  • Frame Size: 5,532,118 individuals
  • Level of units available: Individuals
  1. Sampling Method
  • Sampling Method Type: Non-stratified random sampling, thus the next fields are not filled in because they do not apply
  • Sampling Stage Definitions: N/A
  • Sampling Stage Sizes: N/A PSUs: N/A SSUs: N/A TSUs: N/A
  • Unit Selection: N/A
  • Final Stage Unit Selection: N/A
  • Within Household Unit Selection: It was an individual survey, households were not used as a selection criteria.
  • Stratification: Non-stratified
  • Sample Size: Number of units drawn from the sample frame: 30,000 individuals. Expected number of respondents in the Wave 1 of data collection: Approximately 10,000 Expected number of respondents in the Wave 3 of data collection (estimated at the sampling stage): Approximately 10,000; with practically no loss in register-based follow-ups.
  • Estimated Non-Response: About two thirds was expected
  • Yearly attrition: Little attrition, except for emigration and death
  • Non-response measures: No measures of that kind
  • Within household non-response measures: Not applicable, it was an individual survey

Data Processing


Appears Within


GGP ID Number


View Full History
Revision Date Responsibility Rationale
2 7/12/2023 8:40:09 AM
1 7/11/2023 1:51:06 PM

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