Generations and Gender Survey 2020 Belarus Wave 1



Generations and Gender Survey 2020 Belarus Wave 1

Alternate Title

GGS 2020 Belarus Wave 1


Marianne Sakalova


The Generations and Gender Survey (GGS) provides micro-level data with the aim of significantly improving the knowledge base for social science and policymaking in Europe and developed countries elsewhere. In Europe 2020, the European Union has developed a strategy "to help us come out stronger from the crisis and turn the EU into a smart, sustainable and inclusive economy delivering high levels of employment, productivity and social cohesion". The economic crisis affects not only day-to-day decisions, but also fundamental choices at all stages of people's lives: marriage and childbearing, the combination of employment and caring responsibilities for the young and the old, retirement, housing, and ageing well. The GGS has been developed to provide scientists with high-quality data to contribute scientifically grounded answers to these key policy questions. Survey content focuses on intergenerational and gender relations between people, expressed in care arrangements and the organization of paid and unpaid work. Key features of the survey are:

  • Cross-national comparability: The comparative focus allows analyses of the ways in which policies, culture and economic circumstances influence dependencies between men and women and between the young and the old.
  • A longitudinal design: The GGP survey applies a panel design - collecting information on the same persons at three-year intervals - to allow the examination of causes and consequences of inequalities between genders and generations.
  • A large sample size: The GGP survey has an average of 10,000 respondents per country, making it possible to study numerical minorities and uncommon events.
  • A broad age range: The GGP collects data on the whole life course by interviewing respondents aged 18-79. It also enables analysis of multiple generations by asking extensive questions about intergenerational exchange and support.
  • The combination of micro and macro data: Alongside the micro data collected via surveys, the GGP has a contextual database with over 100 indicators which cover not only the year of the survey but also retrospective indicators covering the past 40 years to be used alongside the retrospective data in the surveys. A theory-driven and multidisciplinary questionnaire: The GGS questionnaire is developed and maintained by a team of leading social scientists from demography, sociology and economics. The questionnaire seeks to bring together a wide range of subjects that examine the causes and consequences of family change.
Items that could identify respondents or associates was removed, including personal contact information and all references to names and specific job titles.


Transition to adulthood
Work-family balance
Gender relations
Intergenerational exchange
Informal and formal care
Network delineation and support
Well being and health
Economic activity
Attitudes and Values
Geographical Coverage Description

The territory of the Republic of Belarus.





Kinds of Data
Survey data
Analysis Unit

Data Collection

Collection Organization
Data Collection Date
Mode of Data Collection

Method: Face-to-Face (personal interview) Technique: Computer-assisted personal interviewing (CAPI)

Actions to Minimize Losses
  1. Dealing with nonresponse 1.1 Screening: Yes, residential addresses were screened to ensure that at least one resident was within the target population of the survey. 1.2 Refusal conversion: Interviewers were trained to explain the aims and scope of the survey and instructed to offer alternative interview times in the event of a soft refusal. 1.3 Incentives: Respondents were given pens and notepads with the UNFPA logo on them.

  2. Tracking of sampled units 2.1 Respondent contact information: Respondent's contacts were collected. 2.2 Other contact information: No. 2.3 Cards: NA 2.4 Additional surveys: No. 2.5 Administrative records: No.

Collection Situation

1.Interviewers 1.1. Total number of interviewers: 424 interviewers were trained 1.2. Total number of interviewers in the field: 331 1.1. Network Organization: Head of the network of interviewers - 1 person, supervisors -14 persons, regional curators - 7 persons. Interviews were conducted face to face with respondents at the basis of the address maps, using tablets. 1.2. Working arrangement of Interviewers: DK 1.3. Payment of interviewers: Interviewers received their payments after quality control of their interviews and confirmation of the interviews upload to the central server. Payment was done by the accounts department of Belarusian State University in the national currency of the Republic of Belarus. Money was allocated to interviewers' operating bank accounts. The cost of one interview is 8,4$ USD.

  1. Interviewer Training 2.1. General Interviewing: A set of working documents for interviewers was prepared and provided to interviewers. The team conducted 14 training workshops for interviewers in all the regions of the country. Also interviewers were separately briefed about safety arrangements. 2.2. Survey Specific: Every interviewer conducted training interviews at the tablet, trained her/his skills of uploading interviews to the server. 2.3. Length: Training workshops lasted for 5-6 hours. Training interviews lasted for 2-5 hours (depending on the level of gained skills). 2.4. Control of Performance (i.e. testing): All interviewers were tested to check their readiness for going to the field. 2.5. Interviewer Survey: Conducted in November, 2017 with 150 of 236 interviewers who conducted 71% of interviews.

  2. Contact Protocols 3.1. Advance Letter: There was not any. Respondents received a notebook, a pen and a leaflet with the project logo after the interview. 3.2. Cold Contacts: 100 % 3.3. Scheduling/Scatter: Scatter 3.4. Contact History: Yes. 3.5. Min number of contacts: 1 visit 3.6. Max number of contacts: 3 visits

  3. Questionnaire localization 4.1. Validation: Questions about income, cost of real estate, ex-partners, non-surviving children, deceased parents, partners, about contraception, infertility treatment caused difficulties and refusals. 4.2. Pre-Test: 25 pilot interviews (that lasted for 1 hour 46 minutes on average) on paper questionnaires (PAPI), 27 pilot interviews were done on tablets (CAPI). 4.3. Length of Interview: CAPI interviews lasted for 45 minutes on average



Time Method


Sampling Procedure
  1. Sampling frame 1.1. Sample Frame: A list of household addresses from the national census of 2009. 1.2. Frame Coverage: Not less than 95 % 1.3. Frame Size: 7,359,981 persons aged 18-79 years 1.4. Unit of Frame: Individual

  2. Sampling method 2.1. Sampling Method: Probability sampling method. At every selection stage units of selection are determined at the basis of the probability proportional to the population size. 2.2. Sampling Stage Definitions: The first sampling stage is a selection of primary geographical sampling units (urban and rural settlements), selected at the basis of registration system active zones; at the second stage of selection the sampling units are enumeration points of the national census (each of them includes about 100 households); households (or residential addresses) are the third stage the sampling units; the last stage of selection presupposes individuals. 2.3. Sampling Stage Sizes: At the first stage - 96 urban and rural survey points; at the second stage - 903 census enumeration points; at the third stage - 10,000 households. 2.4. Unit Selection Method: Random selection with the probability proportional to the size. 2.5. Final Stage Unit Selection: Household selection is based on the principle of random selection. A systemic selection of households from the number of all the households selected in the enumeration districts by the determined step. 2.6. Within Household Unit Selection: A respondent is selected by the principle of the «next birthday» method. 2.7. Stratification: Regional stratification, stratification by the type of settlement. 2.8. Sample Size : 10,000 persons 2.9. Estimated Non-Response: 24% (on average), taking into consideration, that the fieldworks included summer months (vacation and holiday season), i.e. a season of high seasonal migration of population.


Data Processing

Processing Events


Archive Information




View Full History
Revision Date Responsibility Rationale
1 10/26/2022 11:03:58 PM

© Generations and Gender Programme - 2023
Powered by Colectica.